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Language - Overgeneralization – Apply language rules even...

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1 Language a systematic means of communicating ideas or feelings by the use of conventionalized signs, sounds, gestures, or marks having understood meanings Grammar – System of rules that determine thought expression Phonemes – Smallest units of speech – English has about 40 Morphemes – Smallest units that have meaning Syntax – Ways in which words and phrases can be combined to form sentences Semantics – Rules governing the meaning of words and phrases Development of Language Babbling – Begins at around three months – Meaningless – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7RqUTJA fy48 – At about 1, stop producing sounds not in native language Language comprehension is earlier and faster than production First words Short words that start with a consonant By age 2, vocab of 50 words Telegraphic speech – Words left out of sentences Around age 3, know some rules of grammar By age 3, know turn-taking By age 5, understand demand-requests
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Unformatted text preview: Overgeneralization – Apply language rules even when it’s an error 2 How does language develop? Learning theory – Reinforcement and conditioning – Good at explaining use of language – Not so good at explaining grammar Nativist approach (Noam Chomsky) – Innate skill – Language-acquisition device Interactionist approach – Combines the two approaches Is there a critical period for language development? Sometime between 5 and puberty Evidence comes from feral children – Story of Genie – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=On2Qt132Ozg What about 2nd language? Does language influence thinking? Linguistic relativity hypothesis – Idea that language shapes how people in a particular culture perceive the world – Could be the other way around Which is it? – Mostly, thought shapes language – But, there are some exceptions – Probably interact...
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