Thinking - Cognition Cognitive psychology: approaches that...

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Cognition Cognitive psychology: approaches that seek to explain behavior by studying mental processes and structures that cannot be directly observed Cognition The way in which info is processed and manipulated in thinking, remembering, and knowing Thinking Manipulating info mentally form concepts solve problems make decisions and reflect critically or creatively Concepts An element of cognition Mental category Simplify information Allow us to 1. Generalize 2. Make associations 3. Remember more easily 4. Determine how to react
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Basic Concept Moderate number of instances; easier to remember Example: apple Compared to fruit or McIntosh apple Example: book Compared to printed material or novel Learned first; used most Concepts Not every instance of a concept has every quality Some apples aren’t red Prototype Representative example of the concept Types of cognition Reasoning and decision making Problem solving Critical thinking Metacognition
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Reasoning: drawing conclusions from observations, facts, or
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This note was uploaded on 12/21/2010 for the course PSYCH 1A taught by Professor Kerrihogue during the Fall '10 term at Santa Rosa.

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Thinking - Cognition Cognitive psychology: approaches that...

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