Article Critique 5 SPCE 630.docx - Question 1 Research...

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Question 1: Research questions: 1. “Is there a functional relationship between an intervention identified by TRPSC with teachers and paraprofessionals in remote and underserved schools (i.e., three-step compliance), and an increase in the level of student compliance measured by systematic direct observations” (Fischer, Bloomfield, Clark, McClelland, & Erchul, 2018, pg. 4)? 2. “Is mobile telepresence robotics (MTR) an acceptable modality to conduct problem- solving teleconsultation in remote and underserved schools, as rated by teachers and paraprofessionals” (Fischer, Bloomfield, Clark, McClelland, & Erchul, 2018, pg. 4)? Results: When it came to the compliance aspect of the study, results indicated that across each participant, there was an effect size that was moderate (Fischer, Bloomfield, Clark, Mcclelland, & Erchul, 2018) "There was variability of the effect noted across participants" (Fischer, Bloomfield, Clark, McClelland, & Erchul, 2018, pg. 8). Arthur: results indicated his average of compliance was that of 44% of instructions given throughout sessions during baseline. When the 3-step prompting intervention was being implemented, data showed a descending level and trend in regards to compliance. Performance feedback was given by the consultant and after that a clear change occurred in Arthur's observed behavior. Meaning, the level and trend of compliance illustrated a gradual increase, however, there was still considerable variability observed. Within the experimental condition, a small increase was illustrated, in regards to compliance level, to 59% (Fischer et al., 2018). Ronald: results indicated that his average of compliance was that of 59% of instructions given throughout sessions during baseline. When the 3-step prompting intervention was being implemented, data illustrated a consistent gradual increase in level, in regards to compliance level, to 74% (Fischer et al., 2018). Jenny: results indicated that her average of compliance was that of 19% of instructions given through sessions during baseline. Once the implementation of the 3-step prompting intervention was given, data illustrated, initially, an increase in level, in regards to compliance level. However, there was high variability within the first two sessions of treatment (a trend that is undesirable) and treatment integrity was low, meaning, there was given feedback to the participant's teacher. Once the given performance feedback had happened, data illustrated an instantaneous rise in level, in regards to compliance level. Within the intervention condition, data illustrated an increase in level, in regards to compliance level, at 84%. (Fischer et al., 2018) Technology Acceptability: Overall, results indicated that the technology used in and the process of TRPSC displayed high levels of acceptability, at 2.75, with a total outcome average of 33. All
teacher's and paraprofessional's that worked with each of the 3 participants resulted in having high levels of acceptability.

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