disorders and treatment

disorders and treatment - Psychological Disorders and...

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1 Psychological Disorders and Treatment
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2 When is behavior abnormal? Deviation from average Deviation from ideal Personal discomfort Inability to function effectively Legal concept
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3 Defining Psychological Disorders Psychopathology: pattern of emotions, behaviors, or thoughts that are inappropriate to the situation and that lead to personal distress or the inability to achieve important goals Synonyms: Mental illness Mental disorder Psychological disorder Abnormal behavior
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4 Psychological Perspectives on Disorders Medical/ Biological Psychoanalytic Behaviorist Cognitive Humanist
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5 What is Psychological Disorder? Three classic signs suggest severe psychological disorder Hallucinations Delusions Severe affective disturbances
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6 Indicators of Abnormality Subtler signs require clinical judgement Distress Maladaptiveness makes others fearful disturbs well-being Irrationality Unpredictability Unconventionality/ undesirable behavior violates social norms morally or legally unacceptable
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7 The Biopsychology of Mental Disorder Biology impacts behavior Most Ψ have reservations cause or effect? just treating symptoms? label as “sick”
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8 The Diathesis-Stress Hypothesis Diathesis-stress hypothesis Genetic factors place the individual at risk, but environmental stress factors transform this potential into an actual disorder
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9 Overview of DSM-IV Classification System DSM-IV –TR (2000) Fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders the most widely accepted classification system in the United States Primarily uses medical model
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10 Dissociative Disorders Group of pathologies involving “fragmentation” of the personality
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disorders and treatment - Psychological Disorders and...

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