CLAS203- Lecture2

CLAS203- Lecture2 - LECTURE 2 WHAT IS MYTH Geography...

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LECTURE 2 WHAT IS MYTH? Geography, history, society
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taken from Classical Mythology, Powell. B. , 3 rd edition, Prentice Hall
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Historical Sketch (approximate dates) Age (B.C.) Neolithic 6500-3000 3000-2100 farming villages pottery, domesticating animals MINOAN PERIOD Crete, Cnossus (Knossos) thalassocracy, trade Linear A writing system recording a non-Greek language matriarchal religion?
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Bronze MIDDLE 2100 -1600 B.C. 1630: eruption of Thera 2100-1900: FIRST WAVE OF INDO- EUROPEAN INVADERS IE language (becomes Greek) male-dominated gods: located on Mt. Olympus Linear B (writing system recording early form of Greek) LATE 1600 -1150 B.C. MYCENAEAN PERIOD 1600 -1450: Mycenaean takeover Mycenae, Tiryns, Argos invasion of Crete 1373: Cnossus destroyed 1250 -1225: Trojan War
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Dark Ages 1150-800 B.C. 1200: SECOND WAVE OF IE INVADERS (“DORIANS”) collapse of Mycenaean civilization migrations to Ionia loss of Linear B writing system oral transmission of Bronze Age stories 800: alphabet adopted from the Phoenicians Archaic Period 800-490 B.C.
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