The President and Fog of War Assignment 1. The man in the video is Robert S. Mac Namara: What was his role in the Fire Bombing of Japan? Mr. Robert McNamara was a Lieutenant Colonel in the United States Army Air corps and he served during World War II. Due to medical issues with vision, he was disqualified from serving in active combat. He was assigned to the Office of Statistical Control where he used his analytical skills to develop a logistical system for bomber raids and a system for monitoring troops and supplies. In January 1961, he was confirmed as Presidents Kennedy’s nomination to be the United States Secretary of Defense. McNamara helped plan the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombing. He also authorized carpet bombing of vast swathes of Japan with incendiaries and chemicals. 2. Recently, the Battle of Iwo Jima and Okinawa had been fought. What was the outcome of those battles? Even though the United States “won” both battles, they did come at a high cost for the country. The loss of life was extensive. The combat was described as brutal. In the battle of Iwo Jima, the US landing forces suffered 6,821 killed and 19,217 wounded. Although most in the 20,000-strong Japanese garrison were draftees, they refused to surrender, fighting tenaciously until only a few hundred remained alive to be taken prisoner. The battle of Okinawa was equally brutal. The fight lasted almost three
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- Summer '17
- World War II, Iwo Jima, Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Operation Downfall