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Unformatted text preview: Philosophy Notes 1/23 Ethical Egoism 25/01/2008 21:33:00 Psychological Egoism People are motivated by selfinterest Descriptive view about human nature o All actions are motivated by desire o All actions motivated by desire are motivated by selfinterest o Therefore, all actions are motivated by selfinterest o Brody Assumes that A is true and B is flase There ARE some desires that are not directed to our own self interest 3 Moral Views Ethical Egoism o The view that we ought to pursue our own interests exclusively Altruism o We ought to pursue the interests of others exclusively "Common Sense Morality" o we ought to balance out interests with the interests of others 3 Arguments for Ethical Egoism Helping others selflessly o It would be best for society as a whole if we all acted according to ethical egoism o Makes ethical egoism false Ethical egoism is the only view that takes the value of the individual seriously o Characterizes the alternatives too extremely Provides a unifying account of our duties to others Rachel's Argument Against Ethical Egoism If ethical egoism is true, then there must be some morally relevant difference between ourselves and others There is no morally relevant difference between ourselves and others Therefore, ethical egoism is FALSE 25/01/2008 21:33:00 25/01/2008 21:33:00 ...
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- Spring '08