CAE11- BOOK1.pdf - ENGLISH Communication Arts in BOOK 1...

This preview shows page 1 out of 80 pages.

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 80 pages?

Unformatted text preview: ENGLISH Communication Arts in BOOK 1 YS-11 8 The next day she went to her friend’s and told her about her distress. 73 Invite a moderator. Select a moderator. Ideally, he/she should already have experienced moderating panels. Select someone who understands the topic well enough to follow the discussion, and who is skilled in social situations. The moderator’s main purpose is to keep the panelists focused on the audience, keep the discussion running smoothly, and guide the panelists when they stall. He/she must also be informed of the chosen topic ahead of time. (Your English facilitator may act as a moderator). 4. Plan the physical setup. Individual chairs will make the participants appear closer to the audience and will encourage audience to participate actively. Arranging the seats in a slight circle, still mostly facing the audience, may help the panelists discuss the topic with each other. Include small tables or stands for holding notes, and provide a glass of water for each participant. Unless the room seats thirty people or fewer, provide at least one microphone for each two participants and a personal microphone for the moderator. She gave a cry of joy, “That’s true. I had not thought of it.” But her husband cried, “What a goose you are! Go find your friend, Mme. Forester, and ask her to lend you some jewelry. You know her well enough to do that.” But he said, “All right. I will give you four hundred francs. But take care to have a pretty dress.” He grew a little pale, for he was reserving just that sum to buy a gun and treat himself to a little shooting, the next summer, on the plain of Nanterre, with some friends who used to shoot larks there on Sundays. “At last, she answered hesitatingly, “I don’t know exactly, but it seems to me that with four hundred francs I might do it.” She reflected a few seconds, going over her calculations, and thinking also of the sum which she might ask without meeting an immediate refusal and a frightened exclamation from the frugal clerk. He was disconsolate. He began again, “See here, Mathilde, how much would this cost, a proper dress, which would do on other occasions; something very simple?” 2. • Invite at least four people may be safest, in case someone cancels at the last minute. • Invite these people several weeks in advance, to allow them adequate time to prepare, and to give yourself time to find alternatives if one of them turns the offer down. This means that topic must have already been chosen by the group before inviting guest panelists. Look for well-informed people from a variety of backgrounds. You may consider a member of the public involved in the issue, someone with experience working with the issue in a business or nonprofit, an academic who has studied the issue. A panel of three to five discussants normally creates the most interesting discussion. • 1. If you are having difficulty balancing these goals, remember that topic does not need to be divisive. Some panels are created to offer advice or information, and these do not always have competing points of view on display. Remember to research on the topic. The claims of each panel should have back up studies or research based. Select a topic. Ideally, the topic of discussion should be important to people with significantly different interests or backgrounds. However, avoid the trap of making a topic so general or vague that the discussion becomes unfocused. Putting a Panel Together A panel discussion is a public exchange of ideas. It provides the opportunity for the experts and the members of the audience to discuss a particular topic. Panel topics are often politics, academics and other issues affecting communities. Start organizing several weeks in advance if possible, so you can recruit participants and organize the event. This panel discussion activity gives you an opportunity to put your knowledge about argumentative essay into action. Although, you need to remember that panel discussion is different from debate. Continue reading and find out more about panel discussion. PANEL DISCUSSION 10 1 PANEL DISCUSSION Work on This! Directions: Fill out the table below. List down the words/phrases used in the selection that evoke your sensory perceptions. Kinesthetic /touch Olfactory / Smell Gustatory /Taste Sight Auditory /Hearing “Yes, yes. Look. I do not know what will happen to please you.” All at once she discovered, in a box of black satin, a superb necklace of diamonds, and her heart began to beat with boundless desire. Her hands trembled in taking it up. She fastened it round her throat, on her high dress, and remained in ecstasy before herself. She sprang to her friend’s neck, kissed her with ardor, and then escaped with her treasure. “Yes, yes, certainly.” Then, she asked, hesitating, full of anxiety, “Can you lend me this, only this?” The day of the party arrived. Mme. Loisel was a success. She was the prettiest of them all, elegant, gracious, smiling, and mad with joy. All the men were looking at her, inquiring her name, asking to be introduced. All the attaches of the Cabinet wanted to dance with her. The Minister took notice of her. She danced with delight, with passion, intoxicated with pleasure, thinking of nothing, in the triumph of her beauty, in the glory of her success, in a sort of cloud of happiness made up of all these tributes, of all the admirations, of all these awakened desires, of this victory so complete and so sweet to a woman’s heart. She went away about four in the morning. Since midnight—her husband has been dozing in a little anteroom with three other men whose wives were having a good time. He threw over her shoulders the wraps he had brought to go home in, modest garments of every-day life, the poverty of which was out of keeping with the elegance of the ball dress. She felt this, and wanted to fly so as not to be noticed by the other women, who were wrapping themselves up in rich furs. Loisel kept her back, “Wait a minute; you will catch cold outside; I’ll call a cab.” But she did not listen to him, and went downstairs rapidly. When they were in the street, they could not find a carriage, and they set out in search of one, hailing the drivers whom they saw passing in the distance. Share to the class your answers. Sig. 1-AFRONT-Communication Arts in English YS11 First Quarter Module 69A-69B by Angelicum 8.25x11 An argumentative essay is also one that attempts/tries to change the reader’s mind, to convince the reader to agree with the point of view of the writer. For that reason, the argumentative essay attempts to be highly persuasive and logical. For example, a thesis such as “My first experiences with Americans were shocking” has a central idea ‘shocking’ but it is not really strongly persuasive, and it is certainly not argumentative. When you write an argumentative essay, assume that the reader disagrees with you. But please remember that your reader is no less intelligent than you. So, write OBJECTIVELY, LOGICALLY and RESPECTFULLY. Try to understand your opponent’s point of view. If you do not, you are not likely to convince the reader. An important point to recall is that when writing an argumentative essay, your reader may not agree with you. Writing to persuade is, therefore, more challenging and more imposing than many other types of writing. Your goal may be to change your readers' minds, to move them to action, to sell a program, to defend an idea, or to disprove an opponent. In all these instances, you should consider writing to persuade as an important method for shaping your environment toward your vision of reality. THESIS STATEMENT in ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAYS Like a diamond in the sky.” Up above the world so high, 6. Climax In a climax, the words are placed in an ascending order, depending on their significance. These words generally revolve around a central theme and are arranged in an increasing order to create a strong impression on the mind of the reader. For example: “There are three things that will endure: faith, hope, and love. But the greatest of these is love.” - 1 Corinthians 13:13 7. Anastrophe An anastrophe refers to an inversion or rearrangement of a group of words that usually appears in a certain order. For example: Gold that glitters is not all that not. (All that glitters is gold) Although figurative language or figure of speech is used in everyday speech and in every kind of literature, it is most apparent in poetry. You will encounter more figures of speech on the succeeding pages. Enjoy reading! Someone else might argue: • A simile is a figure of speech that compares two unrelated things or ideas using “like” or “as” to accentuate a certain feature of an object by comparing it to a dissimilar object that is a typical example of that particular trait. “Governments should ban further construction of nuclear power plants.” In the argument concerning the nuclear power plant, the thesis for a paper on this topic might be: • The argumentative thesis takes one side of an issue; frequently it proposes an approach of action which is often expressed with the modal should. • “The U.S should continue building nuclear power plants.” Do the activities below before you continue reading. They went down toward the Seine, disgusted, shivering. Finally, they found on the Quai one of those old night-hawk cabs which one sees in Paris only after night has fallen, as though they are ashamed of their misery in the daytime. It brought them to their door, rue des Martyrs; and they went up their own stairs sadly. For her it was finished. And he was thinking that he would have to be at the Ministry at ten o’clock. FIGURES BASED ON COMPARISON 1. Simile For example: as big as a bus, as clear as a bell, as dry as a bone, etc. 2. Metaphor A metaphor compares two different or unrelated things to reveal certain new qualities in the subject, which you might have ignored or overlooked otherwise. Work on This! 3. For example: The streets of Chennai are a furnace. Personification Personification is all about adding a human trait to an inanimate object or an abstraction. ACTIVITY 1: Thesis Statement Study the following thesis statements. Put “A” in the blank if the statement is argumentative. Be careful! A statement having “should” as part of the verb is not automatically argumentative. She took off the wraps with which she had covered her shoulders, before the mirror, so as to see herself once more in her glory. But suddenly she gave a cry. She no longer had the necklace around her throat! Her husband, half undressed already, asked, “What is the matter with you?” She turned to him, terror-stricken, “I—I—I have not Mme. Forester’s diamond necklace!” 72 K12 But by a violent effort she had conquered her trouble, and she replied in a calm voice as she wiped her damp cheeks, “Nothing. Only I have no clothes, and in consequence I cannot go to this party. Give your card to some colleague whose wife has a better outfit than I.” Lesson SIG. 1 AFRONT -Communication Arts in English YS11 First Quarter Module 69A-69B by Angelicum 8.25x11 80 She saw at first bracelets, then a necklace of pearls, then a Venetian cross of gold set with precious stones of an admirable workmanship. She tried on the ornaments before the glass, hesitated, and could not decide to take them off and to give them up. She kept on asking, “You haven’t anything else?” 3. Mme. Forester went to her mirrored wardrobe, took out a large casket, brought it, opened it, and said to Mme. Loisel, “Choose, my dear.” Module 69A-69B First Quarter But she was not convinced. “No; there’s nothing more humiliating than to look poor among a lot of rich women.” He answered, “You will wear some natural flowers. They are very stylish this time of the year. For ten francs you will have two or three magnificent roses.” And she answered, “It annoys me not to have a jewel, not a single stone, to put on. I shall look like distress. I would almost rather not go to this party.” The day of the party drew near, and Mme. Loisel seemed sad, restless, anxious. Yet her dress was ready. One evening her husband said to her, “What’s the matter? Come, now, you have been quite queer these last three days.” Poetry.(2007). Retrieved January 3, 2015 from . (2009).figures of speech. Retrieved December 26, 2012 from . helljump.com/figures-of-speech-examples-list-and-definitions/Figures Of Speech: Examples, List and Definitions Modal.TESOL. Retrieved January 3, 2015 from ONLINE SOURCES: Prentice Hall (2008). Writing and Grammar (Grade 10). Massachusetts: Pearson Education, Inc. H. Ramsay Fowler and Jane E. Aaron, & Kay Limburg. (1995). The Little, Brown Handbook, 6th ed. HarperCollins: New York. Eastwood, J. (2006). Oxford Practice Grammar. New York: Oxford University Press. Chin, B. A., Wolfe, D. et.al. (2000) Glencoe Literature: The Reader’s Choice. US: McGraw-Hill Companies. Carroll, J., Wilson, E., & Forlini, G. (2001) Writing and Grammar: Communication in Action. Pearson Education South Asia Pte Ltd. BOOKS: He shut up, astonished and distracted at seeing that his wife was weeping. Two big tears were descending slowly from the corners of the eyes to the corners of the mouth. He stuttered, “What’s the matter? What’s the matter?” References: 4. For example: The picture in that magazine shouted for attention. Allusion An allusion is an indirect or subtle reference made about a person, place or thing in a work of literature. __ Pornographic books ought to be banned from the library. 6. A metonymy is a figure of speech where one word or phrase is used in place of another. With metonymy, a name of a particular thing is substituted with the name of a thing that is closely related to it. __ Students should have a say in the hiring and firing of teachers. 5. __ Some of the Americans I have met are quite hospitable. 4. __ The building codes in Las Vegas, Nevada, are inadequate*. (Inadequate: not enough) 3. __ Prospective* parents should be required to get licenses in order to have children. (Prospective: future, expected) 2. __The earthquake in Gölcük, Turkey, was one of the most destructive in history. 1. 9 5. For example: I am no Prince Hamlet. Metonymy For example: “We have always remained loyal to the crown.” 16 65 66 15 For example: Man proposes: God disposes. An antithesis is a figure of speech where two very opposing lines of thought or ideas are placed in a somewhat balanced sentence. 7. Antithesis For example: My son wanted a scooter. When I told him they are too dangerous, he moped around the house. An argument follows when two groups disagree about something. People can have different opinions and can offer reasons in support of their arguments. However, sometimes it might be difficult to convince the other group because the argument could be based on a matter of preference, or religious faith. Therefore, arguments of preference, belief or faith are NOT the type of arguments. The kind of argument that can be argued logically is one based on an opinion that can be supported by evidence such as facts. PURPOSE of ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAYS A pun is a figure of speech that plays with words to give away obscured meanings. A pun is also known as paronomasia. 6. Pun For example: The food at that restaurant is not bad at all. Litotes are nothing but an understatement. It can be used when you are looking to underplay a positive with a negative. 5. Litotes For example: open secret, tragic comedy, exact estimate, original copies, etc. Oxymoron involves the usage of contradictory terms to describe an object, situation or incident. 4. Oxymoron (Emily Dickinson, My Life Closed Twice Before Its Close) Example: Parting is all we know of heaven For example: He was so intelligent, that he failed all his tests. Irony is used to stress on the opposite meaning of a word. When people are looking to be sarcastic, they employ irony. Irony 2. It utilizes logic and reason to show that one idea is more legitimate than another idea. It attempts to persuade a reader to adopt a certain point of view or to take a particular action. The argument must always use sound reasoning and solid evidence by stating facts, giving logical reasons, using examples, and quoting experts. The argumentative essay is a genre of writing that requires the student to investigate a topic; collect, generate, and evaluate evidence; and establish a position on the topic in a concise manner. Forget me NOT! FIGURES BASED ON CONTRADICTION For example: Somebody stole my wheels This is figure of speech where a part of a particular object is employed to throw light on the whole thing. 6. There are a few types of argumentative compositions such as: For example: When she smiles, her cheeks fall off. Hyperbole Advantages and disadvantages 1. When you share an opinion, you try to convince your listeners or readers to accept it. However, you and your listeners or readers might agree or disagree with your opinion. For example: In an everyday situation, you may try to convince a friend to go somewhere or in a composition or speech class, the instructor may make an assignment in which you must support or oppose the use of nuclear energy to produce electricity. If you agree or disagree on an issue, you will want your reader or listener to accept your point of view. A far-fetched, over exaggerated description or sentence is called as hyperbole and is commonly used in jokes and making backhanded compliments. 1. Opinions/solutions to problems 2. Synecdoche At this point you will read the discussion about argumentative essay or persuasive essay. 2 Lesson 71 They begged the jeweler not to sell it for three days. And they made a bargain that he should take it back for thirty-four thousand, if the first was found before the end of February. In a shop in the Palais Royal, they found a diamond necklace that seemed to them absolutely like the one they were seeking. It was priced forty thousand francs. They could have it for thirty-six. Then they went from jeweler to jeweler, looking for a necklace like the other, consulting their memory— sick both of them with grief and anxiety. Think About This! Paradox Arguments for and against a topic 3. And all we need of hell Paradox is a statement that appears to contradict itself. It pairs two direct opposites as if both could be true. 3. Compare and contrast something or somebody 4. Loisel possessed eighteen thousand francs which his father had left him. He had to borrow the remainder. 10 ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY OR PERSUASIVE ESSAY At the end of a week they had lost all hope. And Loisel, aged by five years, declared, “We must see how we can replace those jewels.” She wrote as he dictated. “You must write to your friend,” he said, “that you have broken the clasp of her necklace and that you are having it repaired. That will give us time to turn around.” Loisel came back in the evening, with his face worn and white; he had discovered nothing. She waited all day, in the same dazed state in face of this horrible disaster. Then he went to police headquarters, to the newspapers to offer a reward, to the cab company; he did everything, in fact, that a trace of hope could urge him to. Her husband came back about seven o’clock. He had found nothing. And he went out. She stayed there, in her ball dress, without strength to go to bed, overwhelmed, on a chair, without a fire, without a thought. “I’m going,” he said, “back the whole distance we came on foot, to see if I cannot find it.” They gazed at each other, crushed. At last Loisel dressed himself again. “No.” “No. And you—you did not even look at it?” “Yes. That is probable. Did you take the number?” “But if you had lost it in the street, we should have heard it fall. It must be in the cab.” “Yes, I touched it in the vestibule of the Ministry.” He asked, “Are you sure you still had it when you left the ball?” The poster is attractive in terms of design, layout and neatness. The poster is exceptionally attractive in terms of design, layout, and neatness. Design ...
View Full Document

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture