KNH 188 Cardiovascular Disease Outline

KNH 188 Cardiovascular Disease Outline - Cardiovascular...

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Cardiovascular Disease Brief Introduction Cardiovascular Disease Facts Cardiovascular disease (CV) is the most preventable degenerative disease in the U.S. 20% of the population suffers from CV disease. Coronary heart disease (CHD) Single leading cause of death in the U.S. (20% of all deaths; 50% of all CV deaths). Other CV common diseases: Peripheral vascular disease, congenital heart disease, rheumatic heart disease, atherosclerosis, stroke, hypertension, congestive heart failure. Many risk factors for the CV diseases are related to lifestyle habits which are modifiable. Women: Heart Disease Worse Killer than Cancer 16.5 million die each year of cardiovascular disease (from 21 countries) more than half -- 8.6 million -- are women. Heart attacks and strokes kill twice as many women as all types of cancer combined. Statistics compiled by the WHO Incidence of Cardiovascular Disease in the United States for Selected Years: 1900-2000 Death Rates for Cardiovascular Disease in the United States, 1940 & 2000. Note ethnic diff.
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Questions of the Day What is CHD? What are the symptoms? Are they the same in everyone? How do you know you might be at risk of CHD? (What are the risk factors) Cardiovascular Disease Includes Many Different Anomalies. What Exactly Gets Diseased in the Primary CV Disease ? Warning Signs of a Heart Attack: ____________________________________ Those are the classical symptoms They can vary greatly especially in women Sudden death is the first symptom of heart disease in 50% of men and 63% of women The mortality rate for women after an MI is more than 1.6 times higher than it is for men. Why is that? Prodromal Symptoms of MI May Be Atypical in Women Prodromal symptoms: 95% of women Only 30% chest pain 70% unusual fatigue 42 % shortness of breath 39% indigestion During the MI: 43% report no chest discomfort mostly in back and high chest 58% shortness of breath 39% cold sweat 39% dizziness Myocardial Stunning Due to Sudden Emotional Stress The median age of patients with stress-induced cardiomyopathy was 63 years, and 95 percent were women .
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Clinical presentations included chest pain, pulmonary edema, and cardiogenic shock. Warning Signs of a Stroke: ___________________________________________ The Leading Risk Factors for Coronary Heart Disease Age Family History (premature cardiac event) High Blood Pressure* Smoking* Inactivity* Diabetes Obesity A Closer Look at Two Risk Factors Family History A Risk Factor You Can Do Nothing to Prevent. But It Can’t Be Ignored Parental Cardiovascular Disease Is a Risk Factor for CHD May 12 2004 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association Premature Parental CV Event This study followed 2,302 participants in the Framingham Offspring study Mean age, 44 years Free of CVD at beginning of study Both parents in the original Framingham Heart Study. Premature CVD was defined as CVD with onset before 55 years of age in men or
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This note was uploaded on 12/25/2010 for the course KNH 188 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '06 term at Miami University.

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KNH 188 Cardiovascular Disease Outline - Cardiovascular...

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