KNH 188 Diabetes Mellitus Outline

KNH 188 Diabetes Mellitus Outline - Diabetes mellitus The...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Diabetes mellitus “The pissing evil” Diabetes Mellitus Definition: Chronic metabolic disorder characterized by abnormally elevated blood glucose levels. Normal: glucose levels are maintained between 70 - 100 mg/dl Cause: A relative lack of insulin Two Types of Diabetes Mellitus Type I - Insulin dependent, Juvenile onset The islets of Langerhans of the pancreas are destroyed in type I diabetes mellitus leading to decreased insulin production and glucose intolerance. Two Types of Diabetes Mellitus Type II – Non-Insulin dependent, Adult onset The islets of Langerhans are normal in number or somewhat reduced with type II diabetes mellitus Pancreas [note location] Note also : Adult & Juvenile are no longer accurate but used here because they are sometimes still referred to in those terms. Adults can develop Type I and many young people are developing Type II Symptoms Excessive thirst, excessive urination, lethargy, increased fat metabolism with possible ketoacidosis. The most common cause of death with diabetes mellitus is myocardial infarction. However, there are other problems also… Five Major Complications Arising From Diabetes Renal Complications There are a variety of complications involving the kidney. All can lead to chronic renal failure . Ocular Complications Diabetic retinopathy is one of the leading causes for irreversible blindness in the United States. Usually a decade or so after the onset of diabetes. Cataracts of the crystalline lens with opacification [right] Peripheral vascular disease is a particular problem and is made worse through the development of diabetic neuropathy , leading to propensity for injury.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Gangrenous necrosis and ulceration (shown) Mucormycosis Also known as zygomycosis, is an aggressive, opportunistic infection caused by fungi that invades the sinuses, brain, lungs and the skin. Very high mortality rate. Mucormycosis
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 12/25/2010 for the course KNH 188 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '06 term at Miami University.

Page1 / 10

KNH 188 Diabetes Mellitus Outline - Diabetes mellitus The...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online