HO3F10 - U runs a clean campaign and S runs a dirty...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
G AME T HEORY IN THE S OCIAL S CIENCES Political Science 135/Economics 110 Hand out on Campaign Entry and Tactics Consider the following problem facing two candidates as they try to decide whether or not to run and whether or not to mount a dirty, mudslinging campaign or an issue-oriented, positive campaign. More specifically, there are two candidates, a scoundrel, S , and an upstanding candidate U . These candidates must simultaneously choose one of three possible strategies: to stay out of the race, O ; to enter and conduct a dirty campaign full of personal attacks, D ; or to conduct an issues-oriented, clean campaign, I. Polling data reveal that the upstanding candidate is ahead. That means that if both sides run the same type of campaign, e.g. both run dirty campaigns or both run clean ones, then the effects of the campaigns will cancel out and the favorite U will win. If, however, they run different campaigns, the scoundrel will win. The reason for this is that if
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: U runs a clean campaign and S runs a dirty campaign, then the attack ads will succeed. If, however, U runs a dirty campaign and S runs a clean campaign, U will lose his credibility as a clean candidate and S will garner a sympathy vote as a reformed sinner. The scoundrel ranks the possible outcomes from best to worst as: to go unchallenged (let the payoff to this be 4); winning if challenged regardless of the type of campaign he runs (let the payoff to this be 3); to stay out of the race (which has a payoff of 0); and losing regardless of the type of campaign run (-2). The upstanding candidate ranks the outcomes as: to go unchallenged (4); winning a clean race (3); not entering the race (0); winning a dirty campaign (-2); losing when running a clean campaign (-3); and, worst of all, losing after conducting a dirty campaign (-4). The strategic form for this interaction is: S D I O D-2,-2-4,3 4,0 U I-3,3 3,-2 4,0 O 0,4 0,4 0,0...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 12/25/2010 for the course PO 137 taught by Professor Power during the Fall '10 term at Berkeley.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online