Technology%20AND%20Society.Color

Technology%20AND%20Society.Color - TECHNOL OGY AND SOCI ETY...

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Unformatted text preview: TECHNOL OGY AND SOCI ETY ABET 2000 Criteria Engineering students must have “…an understanding of professional and ethical responsibility.” (Criterion 6) “…the broad education necessary to understand the impact of engineering solutions in a global and societal context.” (Criterion 8) “…a knowledge of contemporary issues.” (Criterion 10) Why do engineering students and engineers resist talking about the social implications of technology? “My engineering education didn’t give me really a political [social] context, and it sort of denied a political context by denoting that everything was objective and quantifiable [are they the same?] and could be sort of foreseen. And if it couldn’t be foreseen, we didn’t measure it and we didn’t take account of it.”-Lisa “We’ve got enough to worry about [as engineers] and now we’ve got to worry about this.”-Troy How do you react to these comments? The most mysterious word in the NSPE code… “Engineers… shall hold paramount the safety, health, and welfare of the public.” What does “welfare” mean? “safety and health”—preventive ethics “welfare”—aspirational ethics Aspirational ethics focuses on the obligation of engineers to use their professional knowledge to promote human welfare. “Welfare” in the codes: The NSPE code sometimes uses “well-being” in place of “welfare” I n Case 82-5, the NSPE’s Board of Ethical Review defended the right of an engineer to protest what he believed were excessive costs and time delays in a defense contract, appealing to the “welfare” of the public. The I EEE code refers to “the importance of our technologies in affecting the quality of life throughout the world.” The ASME code speaks of “the enhancement of human welfare.” The ACM code directs computing professionals to use the products of their efforts to, among other things, “meet human needs.” The Capabilities Approach to defining welfare (Sen, Nussbaum) 1. Life—being able to live to the end of a human life of normal length before the point at which it is not worth living. 2. Bodily Health—Being able to have clean water, shelter, food. 3. Bodily I ntegrity—Being able to move about freely and safely. 4. Senses, I magination, Thought—Being able to use the senses, think, imagine, reason, have freedom of expression. 5. Emotions—Being able to have attachments to things and people, to love. The Capabilities Approach to defining welfare (Sen. Nussbaum) 1. Practical Reason—Being able to form a conception of the good life and to plan one’s life....
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Technology%20AND%20Society.Color - TECHNOL OGY AND SOCI ETY...

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