TEMPLE UNIVERSITY WRITING CENTER
GUIDE TO CHICAGO STYLE DOCUMENTATION
Chicago Style is a method of formatting and documenting sources in academic writing.
Chicago Style is
commonly used for papers in History, although other disciplines, including Architecture, Dance, and
Anthropology, also employ this style.
This guide is primarily concerned with the Chicago Style of
documenting outside sources.
For more information on the Chicago Style of formatting a paper, see
Chicago Manual of Style: The Essential Guide for Writers, Editors, and Publishers, 15
.(also known as
Introduction to Using the Chicago Style of Documentation
When you use outside sources (i.e., books, journal articles, newspaper stories, etc.) in your paper, the
Chicago Style of citation requires that you provide two types of information:
Footnotes or Endnotes:
Footnotes and endnotes are a documentation system that uses raised (or “superscript”) numbers to
identify any source material.
After each quote
paraphrase, you need to include a superscript number
like the one at the end of this sentence.
The number corresponds to a note with the appropriate
information about your source.
Footnotes appear at the bottom of the page, like the one below.
Endnotes appear on a separate page at the end of your paper. Ask your teacher which version he or she
Footnotes and endnotes use different formats depending on the kind of source being used.
citation guide to view the correct format for a footnote or endnote for each of your sources.
A bibliography is sometimes called a works cited or a list of citations.
It is a listing of every source that
you used, usually arranged alphabetically, by the author’s last name.
There are different formats for citing different kinds of sources.
For example, if you are citing a book,
you’ll present the information one way, and if you are citing a journal article you’ll present the information
This guide includes sample citations for 35 of the most commonly used formats in academic
You’ll see that most of them require most of the following information: the author’s name, the
title of the work, and the date and place of publication.
What if my source doesn’t have
an author ( or page numbers, or a place of publication, or a date of
What if my source doesn’t fit in any of these citation formats?
Every source is unique, and some sources don’t provide all of the information called for in the samples.
Luckily, the authors of the Chicago Style guide anticipated this, and they created acceptable formats for citing
most types of sources. If don’t find what you need in this brief guide, you can consult the
The Chicago Manual
of Style: The Essential Guide for Writers, Editors, and Publishers
: it offers guidelines for citing even the most