20-Spectro_04.web - ( Absorption spectroscopy in the...

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INFRARED and RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY ( absorption and scattering  spectroscopy in the  vibrational energy range)
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Absorption spectroscopy in the IR (infrared) range
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Sources  in Molecular Spectroscopy: visible range of ES (a tungsten lamp) ultraviolet (a deuterium arc lamp) infrared (a globar, a silicon carbide rod heated to 1500 K) X-ray, X-ray lamp, synchrotron radiation LASERS , most powerful sources in spectroscopy
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Google: see “infrared also oscillations”…….("thermal") light infrared (IR) light is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength between 0.7 and 300 micrometres , which equates to a frequency range between approximately 1 and 430 THz . IR wavelengths are longer than that of visible light , but shorter than that of terahertz radiation (microwaves). Bright sunlight provides an irradiance of just over 1 kilo watt per square meter at sea level. Of this energy, 527 watts is infrared radiation, 445 watts is visible light , and 32 watts is ultraviolet radiation.
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Google, cont.: Infrared imaging is used extensively for military and civilian purposes. Military applications include target acquisition , surveillance, night vision , homing and tracking. Non-military uses include thermal efficiency analysis, remote temperature sensing, short-ranged wireless communication , spectroscopy , and weather forecasting . Infrared astronomy uses sensor-equipped telescopes to penetrate dusty regions of space, such as molecular clouds ; detect objects such as planets , and to view highly red-shifted objects from the early days of the universe. Humans at normal body temperature radiate chiefly at wavelengths around 12 μm, as shown by…. At the atomic level, infrared energy elicits vibrational modes in a molecule through a change in the dipole moment , making it a useful frequency range for study of these energy states for molecules of the proper symmetry.
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Infrared spectroscopy examines absorption and transmission of photons in the infrared energy range, based on their frequency and intensity.
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If a molecule
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This note was uploaded on 12/28/2010 for the course CHEMISTRY 222 taught by Professor Wieckowski during the Spring '10 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

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20-Spectro_04.web - ( Absorption spectroscopy in the...

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