F4changed - INTRODUCTION: In chemical engineering, the...

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Unformatted text preview: INTRODUCTION: In chemical engineering, the measurement of the flow rates in pipes has its major importance. There are several devices used for this purpose such as a pitot tube, orifice plate, and venturi. These devices are basically used to measure the pressure drop by the use of a manometer and thus converting the pressure to flow rates by different equations . THEORETICAL BACKGROUND : For calculating the flow rate, each one of these devices has its own formula : 1) PITOT TUBE : used to measure the point velocity V 1 = / ) 3 2 ( 2 p p-------------------------------( 1) Where P: pressure drop f : density of flowing f luid 2) ORIFICE : used to measure the flow rate of fluids Q= CAo p p Ao A 2 1 2 1 ( ) ( ( / )-- 2---------------------------( 2) C =0. 62 3) VENTURI: Q CAo p p Ao A =-- 2 1 2 1 2 ( ) ( / ) ------------------------------(3) C=0.98 PROCEDURE : First, the pump tank was filled with water. Next, the manometer was connected to the desired flow meter. Then, the pump was started against the discharge valve and then the valve was slowly opened and the flow rate was set.Next,for each flow meter 5 readings were taken at different flow rate. The flow rate was measured by timing the level rise in the calibration tank and five measurements were taken for each flow meter. This procedure was repeated for the other two devices....
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This note was uploaded on 12/30/2010 for the course CHEMICAL E CHE 309 taught by Professor M.elgaily during the Fall '09 term at King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals.

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F4changed - INTRODUCTION: In chemical engineering, the...

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