Lecture 7 -...

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Union membership as a percentage of the total work force has declined from its-all-time high of 36% in the 1940's to a rate of 13.2% in 2002. Week 7: Labor-Management Environments - Lecture Help Print This Page Labor Relations: A Brief Look Back | HRM at the Crossroads | International HRM | Study Quiz Labor Relations: A Brief Look Back Philadelphia workers banded together and agitated for increased wages in reaction to a wage cut imposed by their employer. The employer took the employees to court alleging their actions amounted to an illegal conspiracy that restrained trade. The employer won and the employees involved were fined. Did you hear about this case on CNN? Likely not, unless you have studied labor history! This situation is actually the first overt union action and it occurred in 1794 when Philadelphia shoemakers responded to a wage cut by banding together to overturn the employers’ action. In 1806, a federal court ruled in favor of the employer and this Conspiracy Doctrine — of workers cooperating to get employment conditions changed—remained in force until 1842 when it was overturned in the court case Commonwealth of Massachusetts v. Hunt. The court found in this case that the formation of a labor union was not criminal. Rather, it is the union’s actions that are legal or illegal. From this The rise of unionism took off dramatically in the late 19
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Lecture 7 -...

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