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AP Euro Chapter 13 Study Aid

AP Euro Chapter 13 Study Aid - Chapter 13 The Renaissance...

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Chapter 13: The Renaissance Renaissance - “Rebirth” o Took place at different times in different parts of Europe Italy- 14 th -16 th Centuries Northern & England- 16 th Century o Formed the “bridge” between medieval and modern eras Italian Renaissance Economic Developments- Economic Power = Political Power Italian City-States experienced a Commercial Revival o Venice - grew rich through overseas trade o Genoa & Milan - traded with the North and the Middle-East Advances in ship construction = more goods transported o Florence - controlled banking ( Medicis ) The Driving Enterprise, technological know-how, and competitive spirit of the people helped it overcome all crisis (ex. Invasions from France) Political Developments- Communes - Associations of free men seeking complete political and economic independence from Nobles o Common in the Northern City-States o Established by wealthy merchant guilds Oligarchy - A small group that ruled a city and its surrounding countryside o Formed by unions of nobles and wealthy merchant elites o Popolo - common people in merchant oligarchies who were heavily taxed, disenfranchised, and excluded from power Sometimes rebelled and took over cities o Facaded Republican Government Power was limited to a small group Signori - One man hereditary rule in City-States o Condottieri - Powerful military leaders with mercenary armies who ruled the signori (Oligarchies & Signori = majority of Italian City-States) ** Courts - Palaces of city-centers offering signori and oligarchies the change to show off their power
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City-States- Political Loyalty of residents to their own city-states prevented Italian Unification **5 Major Powers** Venice - Republic in name but run by an oligarchy of merchants o Possessed an enormous colonial empire and trading system Milan - Signori claiming to be Republic Florence - Controlled by the Medicis Papal States - Ruled by the Pope o United by Cesare Borgia , son of Pope Alexander VI Naples - Southern Italy and Sicily Balance of Power- Large cities generally dominated smaller city-states Anytime one state became too powerful, the others united against it Established the Resident Ambassador Problems with War- Imperialistic ambitions against each other and the inability to unite against
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AP Euro Chapter 13 Study Aid - Chapter 13 The Renaissance...

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