AP Euro Chapter 16 Study Aid

AP Euro Chapter 16 Study Aid - Chapter 16: Absolutism and...

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Chapter 16: Absolutism and Constitutionalism 17 th Century = Crisis and Transformation Europe reshaped by the demands of War o Armies grew larger o New bureaucracies created European states succeeded in gathering more power 17 th Century Crisis Period witnessed a spectacular growth in army size as well as new forms of taxation, gov. bureaucracies, and an increased ability for governments to impose their will on the populace. Economic and Demographic Problems- 17 th Century- Majority of Europe = Countryside o Noble Lord > Independent Farmers > Small Landowners > Rural Proletariat Peasants constantly threatened by scarcity and famine o Crude Technology and Low Crop Yield Colder and Wetter Climate = “Little Ice Age” o Bad harvests, famine, and disease killed people Economy Suffered (Note, it struck various regions at DIFFERENT times and degrees) o Woolen textiles declined sharply o Peasants and Urban poor = first to suffer Moral Economy – Vision of a world in which the community needs predominate over competition and profit (ideal vision of commoners) Obstacles to 17 th Century Statebuilding- Lack of paved roads & communication technology made it difficult to convey orders within a controlled region. Lack of information regarding the realms made it impossible to tax effectively Cultural and Linguistic differences *** NOBILITY - retained legal, military, financial, and political powers; and opposed monarchs *** CHURCH Popular Political Action- Popular Revolts - 17 th Century increase in taxation and warfare gave rise to armed uprisings o extremely common in England, France, Spain, Portugal, and Italy during 17 th Century o lacked unity and strong leadership o limitations of royal authorities gave leverage to rebels (disappeared by the end of the 17 th Century due to better integration and military support)
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Absolutism “Leviathan” - Thomas Hobbes - provided a theoretical justification for absolute monarchical authority- “without this absolute authority the king could neither do good nor repress evil” o Employed by Kings using the “Divine Right” Monarchy France Henry IV - “The People’s King” o sharply lowered taxes and replaced the revenue with the
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This note was uploaded on 12/28/2010 for the course HIST 343 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '09 term at Ill. Chicago.

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AP Euro Chapter 16 Study Aid - Chapter 16: Absolutism and...

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