AP Euro Chapter 23 Study Aid

AP Euro Chapter 23 - Chapter 23 Ideologies and Upheavals Dual Revolution The Industrial Revolution in England The French Revolution Growth of

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Chapter 23: Ideologies and Upheavals Dual Revolution- The Industrial Revolution Growth of Middle Class Desire for Representative Government Political Change- Liberalism , Nationalism , Socialism VS. Conservatism Intellectual Change- Romanticism Responsible for the Revolutions of 1848 Balance of Power- Congress of Vienna - Held by the Quadruple Alliance (Russia, Prussia, Austria, and Great Britain) after the defeat of Napoleon. Main Participants- Tsar Alexander I , Klemens von Metternich , Robert Castlereagh , and Charles Talleyrand Goal = construct a settlement that would provide lasting peace and avoid sowing the seeds of another war Balance of Power - create an international equilibrium of political and military forces that would discourage aggression and prevent domination by any single state. o Peace of Paris - Gave France the boundaries it possessed in 1792 and did not demand payment for war damage. Helped to prevent vindictive feelings from the French o Belgium and Holland united as a Dutch Monarchy o Prussia given more territory along the Eastern Border of France (to provide protection) Compensations and rewards given for successfully fighting the French o , Venetia , and former Polish possessions o Russia gained a small Polish Kingdom o Prussia took part of Saxony Developed the beginnings of the European “Congress System Repression of New Ideas Holy Alliance - Alliance created by Austria, Prussian and Russia to repress the liberal and revolutionary movements resulting from the ideas of the Dual Revolution . o Most effective around Central Europe o Metternich & Alexander I proclaimed the principle of active intervention to maintain autocratic regimes whenever they were threatened. Carlsbad Decrees - Decrees issued by Metternich in 1819 suppressing liberal ideas in the 38 members of the German Confederation o Eliminated subversive ideas in newspapers and universities o Established a permanent committee of spies and informers to punish liberal & radical organizations
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Klemens von Metternich - Foreign Minister of Austria from 1809 to 1848 Conservatism and Reactionary o Believed in the gov. pre-1789 consisting Monarchy & Bureaucracy and a Privileged Aristocracy Anti-Liberalism and Anti-Nationalism o Blamed Liberal Middle Class Revolutionaries for stirring up revolt in the lower classes o Disliked the Liberalist and Nationalist ideas that each national group had the right to establish an independent gov. Threatened the primacy of the Aristocracy Threatened to destroy the culturally, ethnically, and linguistically disunified Austrian Empire, composed of Germans, Hungarians, Czechs, Italians, Poles, Ukrainians, Slovenes, Croats, Serbs, etc. Policies supported by the Russians and the Ottoman Empire
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This note was uploaded on 12/28/2010 for the course HIST 343 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '09 term at Ill. Chicago.

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AP Euro Chapter 23 - Chapter 23 Ideologies and Upheavals Dual Revolution The Industrial Revolution in England The French Revolution Growth of

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