APUSH Chapter 3 - Chapter 3: Colonial Ways of Life The...

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Chapter 3: Colonial Ways of LifeThe Shape of Early AmericaBritish FolkwaysMajority of European settlers came from the British Isleso20,000 PuritansMassachusettsoRoyalist Cavaliers&Indentured ServantsVirginiaAristocrats who introduced slaveryo23,000 QuakersPennsylvania & Delawareo100,000+ Celtic Britons & Scotch-IrishAppalachian backcountryBritish ways of life persist in the AmericasoGender relations, religious practices, criminal propensities, etc.Seaboard EcologySlash-and-Burn Agriculture- a migratory method of Native AmericanAgriculture that involved the repeated clearing/burning of lands to be used asplanting grounds until the nutrients in the soil were depletedoThe clearing of forests created rich soil & ideal grazing groundEuropeans viewed land and natural resources and privately owned commoditiesoTransformed the land greatlyoEvicted Indians, cleared, fenced, improved, and sold land, cut timber, grewsurplus crops, etc.Settlers had very little time to watch their livestock so they often let them runamuckoBritish animals rapidly reproduced in the New WorldoLivestock often created conflicts with the IndiansWeeds from Europe overran the New World soilPopulation GrowthIn the colonies, land was plentiful and cheap, and labor was scarce and expensiveoAided the growing populationColonists tended to marry early and start families earlierBirthrates and Death RatesBirthrates in the colonies were higher than in Europe due to better economicprospects (which resulted in more marriages)There was greater longevity and lower death rates in the coloniesoBountiful land for crops prevented famineoPlentiful firewood countered the cold wintersoDisease was less prominent (due to the lack of crowded cities)
Note: there WERE variations in these patterns. The early years in the southern colonies had highmortality rates as well as a chronic shortage of womenSex Ratios and the FamilyFamily migrations were much more prominent in the northern colonies than thesouthoSouthern colonies promoted opportunities for young menMale:female ratio = 8:1Created instability in the first few yearsoNorthern colonies had both more women, and greater lifespans for womenWomen in the ColoniesTraditional ideas of female inferiority pervaded the coloniesoFemale role=obey and serve husbands, nurture children, and maintainhouseholdsoSocial customs & legal codes ensured that most women remained deferentialLacked the right to vote, preach, hold office, attend public schools, bringlawsuits, make contracts, or own propertyWomen’s WorkWomen’s work generally involved activities in the house, garden, and yardLabor scarcities in the colonies opened up opportunities for non-home-restrictedrolesoMidwives, tavern hostesses, shopkeepers, doctors, printers, painters, tanners,shipwrights, etc.

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Term
Spring
Professor
STAFF
Tags
Colonialism, AP US History, Thirteen Colonies, Southern colonies

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