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APUSH Chapter 8 IDs - Chapter 8 IDs Judiciary Act of 1789...

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Chapter 8 IDs Judiciary Act of 1789- The Judiciary Act of 1789 essentially created the US Court System, establishing a Supreme Court with a set number of justices at 6, as well as the various lower courts below it. Bill of Rights- The Bill of Rights consisted of the First Ten Amendments to the Constitution, and outlined certain inalienable rights possessed by the people that could not be intruded upon by the Federal Government. Notably, the Bill of Rights was created in order to appease Anti- Federalists, many of whom had initially rejected the Constitution because it lacked a Bill of Rights Tariff of 1789 (Tonnage Act of 1789)- The Tonnage Act of 1789 was an act proposed by James Madison that placed tariffs on foreign ships in an attempt to raise revenue to pay off debts as well as protect American industries. However, it also created conflicts, and damaged Southern farm-economies, which would incite the animosity between North and South Hamilton’s Report on Public Credit- Hamilton’s Report on Public Credit was a plan proposing that the National Government should assume the debts of the individual states, as well as establish a National Bank to make borrowing money easier. Notably, it advocated a sense of capitalism in the US. Bank of the United States- The National Bank of the United States was established in the plans outlined by Alexander Hamilton. Notably, it incited enormous conflict between the Anti- Federalists, who argued that the national bank was unconstitutional, and Federalists, who argued that it was permitted by the elastic clause, bringing forth the issue of whether the Constitution should be interpreted broadly or strictly. Broad Vs. Strict Interpretation of the Constitution- Strict interpretation was advocated by the Anti-Federalists/Democratic Republicans who believed that the Federal Government could only utilize powers granted directly to them by the constitution, and Broad interpretation was
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