APUSH Chapter 11

APUSH Chapter 11 - Chapter 11: The Jacksonian Impulse...

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Chapter 11: The Jacksonian Impulse Jackson was the first president not to come from a prominent colonial family and symbolized the changing social scene The national population was 13 million and rapidly growing An economic boom and transportation revolution occurred Jacksonians sought to democratize economic opportunity and political participation, but most of the “common folk” still remained common folk during the Age of Jackson Setting the Stage Appointments and Rivalries Jackson believed that officials should serve only one term in office for fear of corruption Jackson’s administration was divided between the groups and supporters of Martin Van Buren and John C. Calhoun o Van Buren’s home base was in New York o Calhoun was wanted to defend southern interests against northern Abolitionism and Industrialism The Eaton Affair Peggy Eaton Affair - a scandal in which Margaret Eaton ’s first husband supposedly committed suicide after learning that she had an affair with Senator John Eaton , and as a result, Margaret Eaton was ignored and “snubbed” by the wives of the other members of Jackson’s administration o Jackson saw his own plight in Peggy since his wife had been accused of adultery o Calhoun’s wife “led” the snubbing of Peggy o Peggy eventually succumbed and withdrew from society Caused Jackson to become opposed to Calhoun, and align with Van Buren Internal Improvements Maysville Road Bill - a bill authorizing the government to buy stock in a road from Maysville to Lexington in Kentucky o Proposed by Calhoun and Clay o Vetoed by Andrew Jackson Set the precedent for limiting federal support of internal improvements Jackson believed that this project was too “local” (the whole road was in Kentucky) Jackson opposed most local projects, but supported many interstate and national projects
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Nullification Calhoun’s Theory Calhoun shifted from a War-Hawk Nationalist to a States’ Rights Sectionalist o Caused due to agricultural suffering in his hometown South Carolina resulting from the higher tariffs Southerners argued that the tariffs were only for northern profit Northerners argued that the tariffs were to protect American industry Tariffs reduced the ability of British and French to buy southern cotton o South Carolina was also plagued by issues with slavery Denmark Vesey Slave Insurrection of 1822 Tariff of Abominations - a tariff passed in 1828 that set incredibly high duties o Originally created by Calhoun as a plot to elect Jackson (never expected to pass) South Carolina Exposition and Protest - a statement by Calhoun claiming that states possessed the rights to nullify federal laws that they found unconstitutional o Written in response to the Tariff of 1828 o Brought forth the idea of Nullification - a state’s ability to repeal a federal law by holding a special state convention to declare it unconstitutional The Webster-Hayne Debate South Carolina’s leaders desired a reduction in tariffs (not accomplished by
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This note was uploaded on 12/28/2010 for the course HIST 343 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '09 term at Ill. Chicago.

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APUSH Chapter 11 - Chapter 11: The Jacksonian Impulse...

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