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APUSH Transcendentalism

APUSH Transcendentalism - of your own mind…the great man...

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Transcendentalism Romantacism a reaction against the “reason” and “logic” of the age resulting from the teachings of the Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution A Critique of Pure Reason - Immanuel Kant emphasizes the limits of science and reason in explaining the universe Transcendentalism extreme version of Romanticism Emphasis on everything that rose “above” the limits of reason The most influential and energetic intellectual and spiritual force during the 1830s Transcendentalists did NOT stick to Orthodox Puritan doctrines Read many Asian teachings such as Buddhism and Islam Ralph Waldo Emerson- the foremost “transcendentalist” Self Reliance - encouraged ideas of individualism and independence “Whoso would be a man must be a nonconformist… nothing is at last sacred but the integrity
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Unformatted text preview: of your own mind…the great man is he who in the midst of a crowd keeps with perfect sweetness the independence of solitude… a foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds, adored by little STATESMEN and PHILOSOPHERS and DIVINES…” Henry David Thoreau- Walden • Lived in the forest for several years to escape “conventional life” • Civil Disobedience o Would later augment the Civil Rights Movement for Martin Luther King Jr. Basically, Transcendentalists challenged the social customs of the time that were dictated by reason and blind faith: "We will walk on our own feet; we will work with our own hands; we will speak our own minds. ..A nation of men will for the first time exist, because each believes himself inspired by the Divine Soul which also inspires all men."...
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