Chapter Questions – Week 2
Questions 4, 5, 8, and Discussions 1 and 6.
Q. 4. Why do some economists consider human resources more important than natural
resources in determining a country's future?
Human resources are considered more important than natural resources because the
economists believe that poverty, environmental degradation and overpopulation are just
symptoms of deeper social problems.
According to them, it is not because of the natural
resources provided to us from the environment. Logically speaking, without human
resources the natural resources may not be utilized to their fullest potential.
After all, it is
the people that do the valuable work in determining what needs to be done with our
natural resources in order to figure out how to best suit the country’s future.
Q. 5. In which regions of the world will most population growth occur during the twenty-
first century? What conditions contribute to rapid population growth in these locations?
During the twenty-first century developing countries in the Middle East, such as, India,
Nigeria, Ethiopia, and Bangladesh is where the most population will grow. Economics,
politics, religion, and civil unrest keep birth rates high and contraceptives low.
Q.8. What is the dependency ratio, and how might it affect the United States in the
The dependency ratio is the number of nonworking compared to the working persons in a
It may affect the U.S. in the future because more and more people are now
supporting the elderly instead of taking care of the children, which are supposed to be our
D.1. Suppose that you were head of a family planning agency in India. How would you
design a scientific study to determine the effectiveness of different approaches to
population stabilization? How would you account for factors such as culture, religion,
education, and economics?
I would first categorize them by age and let everyone be anonymous.
Next, I would ask
them to check the appropriate box to their thinking of contraceptives each would use, if
I would learn which different cultures there were and learn about their beliefs in
contraceptives as well as their religious beliefs about it.
By determining all of these
factors and then finding the best possible solutions to each, I would explain the options
made available to them as well as educating them on the benefits of contraceptives on the
future population growth.
D.6. In chapter 3, we discussed carrying capacities. What do you think the maximum and
optimum carrying capacities for humans are? Why is this a more complex question for
humans than it might be for other species? Why is designing experiments in human