Ch456-Week 2Sci207

Ch456-Week 2Sci207 - Chapter Questions Week 2 Chapter 4...

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Chapter Questions – Week 2 Chapter 4 Questions 4, 5, 8, and Discussions 1 and 6. Q. 4. Why do some economists consider human resources more important than natural resources in determining a country's future? Human resources are considered more important than natural resources because the economists believe that poverty, environmental degradation and overpopulation are just symptoms of deeper social problems. According to them, it is not because of the natural resources provided to us from the environment. Logically speaking, without human resources the natural resources may not be utilized to their fullest potential. After all, it is the people that do the valuable work in determining what needs to be done with our natural resources in order to figure out how to best suit the country’s future. Q. 5. In which regions of the world will most population growth occur during the twenty- first century? What conditions contribute to rapid population growth in these locations? During the twenty-first century developing countries in the Middle East, such as, India, Nigeria, Ethiopia, and Bangladesh is where the most population will grow. Economics, politics, religion, and civil unrest keep birth rates high and contraceptives low. Q.8. What is the dependency ratio, and how might it affect the United States in the future? The dependency ratio is the number of nonworking compared to the working persons in a population. It may affect the U.S. in the future because more and more people are now supporting the elderly instead of taking care of the children, which are supposed to be our future. D.1. Suppose that you were head of a family planning agency in India. How would you design a scientific study to determine the effectiveness of different approaches to population stabilization? How would you account for factors such as culture, religion, education, and economics? I would first categorize them by age and let everyone be anonymous. Next, I would ask them to check the appropriate box to their thinking of contraceptives each would use, if any. I would learn which different cultures there were and learn about their beliefs in contraceptives as well as their religious beliefs about it. By determining all of these factors and then finding the best possible solutions to each, I would explain the options made available to them as well as educating them on the benefits of contraceptives on the future population growth. D.6. In chapter 3, we discussed carrying capacities. What do you think the maximum and optimum carrying capacities for humans are? Why is this a more complex question for humans than it might be for other species? Why is designing experiments in human demography difficult?
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Ch456-Week 2Sci207 - Chapter Questions Week 2 Chapter 4...

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