final_key - ECON 4313: Russian Economy FINAL EXAM Your...

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ECON 4313: Russian Economy FINAL EXAM Your name: PART 1 – MULTIPLE CHOICE (75 points) 1. What were the major elements of the collectivization campaign? a) Requisitioning of grain b) Dekulakization d) Consolidation of individual farms into larger farming units e) Machine tractor stations f) All of the above 2. The grain harvest in 1930 was a) Better than the record harvest of 1926 b) As good as the record harvest 1926 c) Worse than 1926. There was a famine in Ukraine in 1930 3. Which Soviet political figure resisted the collectivization drive? a) Molotov b) Mikoyan c) Bukharin d) Kirov 4. What arguments in favor of collectivization USSR did we learn about in class? a) In countries that collectivized before USSR, peasants became more productive b) Peasants have been withholding grain from the market in 1927-1928, and USSR needed grain to industrialize c) Stalin used it because he needed to create a famine in Ukraine d) All of the above 5. What were some results of collectivization? a) Increased foreign trade b) Less grain collected by the state c) Growth in Soviet urban population d) a and c only e) b and c only
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6. Between 1929 and 1931, a) Exports rose by 20% and imports rose by 30% in the Soviet Union b) Exports and imports did not change in the Soviet Union c) Exports rose by 50% and imports rose by 60% in the Soviet Union d) Exports and imports doubled in the Soviet Union 7. The Shakhty trial is an example of a) Persecution of well-off peasants (the kulaks) b) Specialists sentenced for sabotage c) Stalin’s removing his opponents from high-ranking party positions 9. According to Suny and Davies, the number of people executed by the state during the Great Purges falls in what range? a) Less than 600,000 b) 600,000-800,000 c) 800,000-1,600,000 d) More than 1,600,000 10. Which of the following statements about Soviet economic planning is FALSE? a) Planners made simplifying assumptions, such as linear relationships in production b) Information about input demands was received from enterprises before the final plan was approved c) A plan specified production targets for every commodity in the economy d) The planning process operated through a series of upward adjustments e) Supply of a commodity had to be equal to its demand as an input + its demand as a final good 11. Recall the following quote: What Communists had done well in the past – industrialize the country, turn peasants into workers, educate the illiterate, and improve the material life of the people – had created populations that no longer required the paternalistic, tutelary government of a political elite out of touch with its own constituents. Communist parties and the socioeconomic and political systems they sought to
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final_key - ECON 4313: Russian Economy FINAL EXAM Your...

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