Lecture 2 - Lecture 2: Russia in 1917-1928. Civil War, War...

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Lecture 2: Russia in 1917-1928. Civil War, War Communism, and the New Economic Policy
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First, let’s talk history.
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Aftermath of the Revolution October 25 1917: Second Congress of Soviets Resolution passed to create a multiparty government, though right SRs and Menshevik defensists walk out in sign of protest New government organizations form: Sovnarkom, VTsIK
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Early Political Reforms All civil ranks and class distinctions abolished Old system of courts abandoned and new system of local courts put in place The army replaced Church and state separated All ethnic groups and religions declared equal “Decree on Land” (October 26)
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Constituent Assembly Elections in November, scheduled by the Provisional Government. So, what were the results?
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One meeting held on January 5 th , bolted doors the next day In the words of Lenin, “The transfer of all power to the Constituent Assembly is nothing but the old policy of ‘conciliation’ with the malevolent bourgeoisie. *…+ As long as Kaledin exists, and as long as the slogan, ‘All Power to the Constituent Assembly’ is used to cloak the slogan ‘Down with Soviet Power,’ s o long will there be no escape from civil war, for we will not give up Soviet power for anything in the world .”
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The Russian Civil War
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A world revolution? The Bolsheviks anticipated a world revolution, where classes and national barriers will disappear and the market will be replaced by a planned economy controlled by local communities Lenin : “ We must remain at our post until the arrival of our ally, the international proletariat, for this ally is sure to arrive. Question: how did socialist revolutions fare overseas?
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SOCIALISM vs. COMMUNISM What’s the difference?
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But, first must build socialism at home Role of the state: “ dictatorship of the proletariat “The proletariat needs state power, a centralized organization of force, an organization of violence, both to crush the resistance of the exploiters and to lead the enormous mass of the population the peasantry, the petty- bourgeoisie and the semi-proletarians-in the work of organizing a socialist economy” V.I. Lenin However, a time will come when a state is not needed: “And, once the majority of the people
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This note was uploaded on 12/29/2010 for the course ECON 4313 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Minnesota.

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Lecture 2 - Lecture 2: Russia in 1917-1928. Civil War, War...

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