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oct25 - o farmers were residual claimants paid after 1/3 of...

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Summary of the October 25 class We talked about the Administrative Command Economy and collectivization (Chapter 9 of Soviet Experiment). In addition, we started our discussion of industrialization (Chapter 10 of Soviet Experiment). The notes on ACE are here: http://www.econ.umn.edu/~evdok003/planning.pdf Notice that there was a typo in them previously (I highlighted the correct version in yellow). In our discussion of collectivization, we paid particular attention to Justifications for it Who in the Soviet government did not support it Major elements of the campaign (requisitioning of grain, dekulakization, consolidation of individual farms into larger farming units, machine tractor stations) The political/economic goals of collectivization How was agriculture meant to support industry? (increased productivity of workers frees up labor for cities; increased surpluses due to new farming methods allow state to purchase foreign machinery) The results: o urban population grew, but probably for other reasons (page 57 of Davies)
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Unformatted text preview: o farmers were residual claimants, paid after 1/3 of kolkhoz output was delivered to the state, but the quotas led to more grain being collected by the state (Page 243 of Suny and page 57 of Davies. On page 53 Davies talks about how the free grain market was legalized in 1932, 3 years after the campaign started. Until then, there were very small economic incentives for producing grain.) The good harvest in 1930 (page 243 of Suny) The effects: o initial drop in gross agricultural production and the slow recovery (page 45 of Davies) o increases in exports and imports (Davies discusses foreign trade on page 44), o famines in Ukraine in 1933 as a result of a poor harvest and stringent quotas (page 54 of Davies) We also started talking about industrialization. I mentioned the Shakhty trial (described in Chapter 10 of Suny) and the policies directed against ‘bourgeois spets’ (page 52 of Davies). These policies soon relaxed (Pages 53 of Davies and 256 of Suny)....
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