1_600_1450 - The Byzantine Empire(340-1453 Time Period 600-1450 Originated as the eastern half of the Roman Empire Capital at Constantinople Very

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Byzantine Empire (340-1453 ) Time Period: 600-1450 Originated as the eastern half of the Roman Empire. Capital at Constantinople. Very centralized state. Constantine (Reigned 313- 337). Caesaropapism-Was a secular ruler but also played an active role in ecclesiastical affairs. Justinian (Reigned 527-565) Justinian’s Code was the most thorough law system during that time. Sacked during the fourth crusade (1202-1204). The loss of Anatolia sealed its fate. Byzantium influenced Russia greatly. Eastern Orthodox Church. Cyrillic Alphabet. The Islamic World The Realm of Islam Mohammad (570-632) Leader of the Islamic religion. Was Allah’s prophet. Middle East United. Islam became more popular and united a once nomadic land of tribal unities. The Islamic Empire was ruled by a caliph who was head of state, military commander, chief judge, and religious leader. The Islamic Empire was a theocracy, a government ruled by officials who are regarded as divinely guided. This government was known as a caliphate. Cultural center at Baghdad. Preserved the western culture which helped bring Europe out of the Middle Ages. Created a hemispheric trading zone. Tang Dynasty (618-907) Formed after Sui Yangdi’s death. Tang Taizong (Reigned 627-649) Ambitious and ruthless ruler. China enjoyed unusual stability under his rule. Early Tang Dynasty was successful. Maintained an extensive communication system of roads horses and runners. Use of equal-field system to insure correct distribution of land to suppress concentration of land ownership. Gunpowder was founded. Reusable and movable type used for printing. Metallurgical techniques. Production of iron and steel, and use of coke in furnace instead of coal which increased production. Fast ripening rice. High quality porcelain (Chinaware). Paper money. Extensive irrigation system including dikes, reservoirs, dams and canals. Song Dynasty (960-1279) Reorganized China after Tang collapse. Least militarized of all Chinese dynasties and not a very powerful state. More importance on civil administration, industry, and education. Song Taizu (Reigned 960-976). Reputation for honesty and effectiveness. Considered all state administrators as servants of the government. Mainly Confucianism but Mahayana Buddhism gradually became popular. Iron nails, waterproof ships and bulkheads, canvas and bamboo sails, rudders, and the compass. Improved on earlier inventions. Charlemagne (Reigned 768-814) Temporarily reestablished centralized rule in Western Europe. Barely literate, but very smart. Spoke Latin and some Greek. The Carolingian empire was largely his personal accomplishment. Established a capitol at Aachen. Spent a lot of his time traveling throughout the empire to maintain authority. Named emperor in 800. Didn’t know of the pope’s plan. Didn’t want to strain the relationship with the Byzantines.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 12/29/2010 for the course HIST 2882 taught by Professor Stark during the Fall '10 term at Oregon Tech.

Page1 / 2

1_600_1450 - The Byzantine Empire(340-1453 Time Period 600-1450 Originated as the eastern half of the Roman Empire Capital at Constantinople Very

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online