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Unformatted text preview: Foundations: c. 8000 B.C.E.–600 C.E. Major Developments 1. Locating world history in the environment and time A. Environment 1. Geography and climate: Interaction of geography and climate with the development of human society 2. Demography: Major population changes resulting from human and environmental factors B. Time - Periodization in early human history 1. Nature and causes of changes associated with the time span 2. Continuities and breaks within the time span C. Diverse Interpretations 1. What are the issues involved in using "civilization" as an organizing principle in world history? 2. What is the most common source of change: connection or diffusion versus independent invention? 2. Developing agriculture and technology A. Agricultural, pastoral, and foraging societies, and their demographic characteristics (Include Africa, the Americas, and Southeast Asia.) B. Emergence of agriculture and technological change C. Nature of village settlements D. Impact of agriculture on the environment E. Introduction of key stages of metal use 2. Basic features of early civilizations in different environments: culture, state, and social structure 1. Mesopotamia , Egypt, Indus, Shang, Mesoamerica and Andean South America (Compare two) 2. Classical civilizations A. Major political developments in China, India, and the Mediterranean B. Social and gender structures C. Major trading patterns within and among Classical civilizations; contacts with adjacent regions D. Arts, sciences, and technology 2. Major belief systems A. Basic features of major world belief systems prior to 600 C.E. and where each belief system applied by 600 C.E. B. Polytheism, Hinduism, Judaism, Confucianism, Daoism, Buddhism, Christianity 2. Late Classical period (200 C.E.–600 C.E.) 1. Collapse of empires (Han China, loss of western portion of the Roman Empire, Gupta) B. Movements of peoples (Huns, Germans) C. Interregional networks by 600 C.E.: Trade and religious diffusion Major Comparisons and Snapshots • Comparisons of the major religious and philosophical systems including some underlying similarities in cementing a social hierarchy, e.g., Hinduism contrasted with Confucianism • Role of women in different belief systems -- Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, and Hinduism • Understanding of how and why the collapse of empire was more severe in western Europe than it was in the eastern Mediterranean or in China • Compare the caste system to other systems of social inequality devised by early and classical civilizations, including slavery • Compare societies and cultures that include cities with pastoral and nomadic societies • Compare the development of traditions and institutions in major civilizations, e.g., Indian, Chinese, and Greek • Describe interregional trading systems, e.g., the Indian Ocean trade Examples of What You Need to Know • Nature of the Neolithic revolution, but not characteristics of previous stone ages, e.g., Paleolithic and Mesolithic • Economic and social results of the agricultural revolution, but not specific date of the introduction of agriculture to specific societies •...
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This note was uploaded on 12/29/2010 for the course HIST 2882 taught by Professor Stark during the Fall '10 term at Oregon Tech.
- Fall '10
- World History