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study chpt 19 - Chpt 19 Transcurrent Faults in which...

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Chpt 19 Transcurrent Faults, in which surface area is preserved; If surface area is preserved, then deformation has to occur at the fault tips. In strike- slip faults, this often occurs as “horsetails”, smaller branching reverse or normal faults at the termination of the main fault. Other characteristics: Fault displacement proportional to fault length, and is always less than the length. Fault displacement is a maximum near center and diminishes to 0 at the tip. Transform Faults, in which surface area is not preserved Surface area is not preserved by either converging or diverging margins, so strike-slip faults connecting them are transform faults. Transform faults have the following characteristics: The ends of transform fault connect to other structures that change surface area. The length can increase or decrease. Displacement can either vary from place to place or be constant depending on whether the length in increasing or decreasing.
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