Running list of exam questions

Running list of exam questions - PotentialExamQuestions...

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Potential Exam Questions Week 1-2 1. What kinds of challenges is the U.S. facing in terms of immigration policy today,  according to MPI? Nearly 1/3 of the immigrants in the country are illegal— economic impact at the border  and in the job market are apparent, temporary immigration is increasingly  used as a step  toward permanence, overburdened system—the engine of immigration is overtaxed and  can’t meet the demands of newcomers, it also effect native born workers—illegal  immigrants can have a negative effect on the lower pay scales;  under cutting pay rates  for native born workers, it is hard to integrate illegals into society because most of that  happens at the lower levels,  security at the border is weak and employer sanctions are  all but nonexistent in stopping illegals from working 2. What kinds of ideas are being considered for re-designing immigration policy? Increase the number of visas to allow for more illegal immigration—find a balance  between acceptably high and low immigration,  granting amnesty to present illegals is  one solution, but the general consensus is that they should be in the back of the line,  improving and enforcing employer sanctions, more strictly enforce security measures  with different entities cooperating,  creation of an entity that helps to integrate immigrants  at the local level,  developing programs to allow greater number of legal immigrants—this  would curb illegal immigration on some level. 3. Besides Homeland Security, name 4 agencies that have dealt with immigration in the  U.S. (past or present).  The state department deals with visa issuance and refugee policy issues—they are pro- immigration,  department of labor deals with workplace issues and work visas—generally  pro-immigration,  department of defense needs immigrants to enlist—decidedly pro- immigration,  department of health and human services deals with refugee resettlement  programs,  FBI deals with security and visa enforcement 4. What were some of the factors that led to the creation of the Department of Homeland  Security?  The shift of focus on immigration to  national security was a main factor. 9/11 was the  main impetus and the  conflict between service and enforcement in the INS as well as an  overburdened bureaucracy called for a new agency 5. What were some of the key challenges facing the INS prior to the creation of DHS?
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They have an  overburdened bureaucracy and there was also a  conflict related to what  their purpose was—security (border control, deportation), services (green cards, visas)  etc. The system was also  overtaxed because of the many roles the INS had to play. 
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This note was uploaded on 12/30/2010 for the course GOV 312L taught by Professor Madrid during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Running list of exam questions - PotentialExamQuestions...

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