Running list of exam questions-1

Running list of exam questions-1 - 1. What kinds of...

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1. What kinds of challenges is the U.S. facing in terms of immigration policy today, according to MPI? Illegal Immigration – 1/3 of the country’s foreign born population are illegal immigrants. Causes in security on the borders, carries economic and fiscal costs, and risks the creation of an isolated underclass. Meets the need for low-skill demands. Temporary immigration – increasingly used as a step to permanent immigration. Meets the demands for high skilled immigration. Over-burdened system – the primary engines of immigration – family unification and employment – generate far more demands than the immigration system can meet. Native born workforce -illegal immigration can have negative impacts on wages at the bottom end of the pay scale. Particularly illegal immigrants, can lead to declining labor standards that undercut the position of native-born workers. Integration – there are so many immigrants, it is hard to integrate them into the U.S. Particularly because most integration is only done on the local level. Security -Despite best efforts, immigrants can still cross the border easily. The punishment for employers hiring illegal immigrants are weak and under-enforced. 2. What kinds of ideas are being considered for re-designing immigration policy? Comprehensive Immigration Reform is needed. Some factors under consideration and/or in need of change: Visas – increasing the amount of visas distributed to limit illegal immigration. It is necessary to find a balance point between immigration accepted and a cut-off point. Amnesty – Giving the illegal immigrants currently in the U.S. citizenship (or greencards). The general consensus is that these who have entered illegally will need to go to the back of the line for legal immigration. Enforcing the rules – when it comes to employer sanctions, the effort is under-enforced. Security – Improving coordination and having different security organization work together. Integration – Create an entity to coordinate with local areas to help immigrant integration Coordination – one of the most problematic factors for past and current immigration organizations: how to get the entities working together 3. Besides Homeland Security, name 4 agencies that have dealt with immigration in the U.S. (past or present). State Department – They deal with visa issuance and refugee policy issues (customer service) They are pro- immigration Department of Labor – They deal with work visas and workplace immigration rules. Generally pro- immigration Department of Defense - (Army, Navy, Marines) They deal with high seas interdictions. They need immigrants to increase troops, and are one of the most effective lobbying groups for immigration. They are pro- immigration Department of Health and Human Services – They deal with refugee resettlement programs. FBI – tests all visas. 4.
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Running list of exam questions-1 - 1. What kinds of...

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