On effective Communication from a Linguistice Perspective

On effective Communication from a Linguistice Perspective -...

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Qiu lijuan, Class 4, Foreign Language Department, Nanjing University of Finance and Economics 1 Introduction As Darwin’s evolution theory has it that human beings were evolved from apes. Like most primates, humans are social by nature. Therefore, communication is one of the most important skills anyone should have, in business and in life, as individual and as a species. Human beings will be happier and more productive if they can improve their ability to communicate. Language, as one of the many means of communication, contributes greatly to effective communication if mankind can use it very effectively. Language is basically a kind of information. This modern world is abundant in information, in either written or oral forms. This paper is dedicated to the effort to wipe out the obstacles in people’s daily communication. It will provide an insight into the nature of language and its features, with the purpose to make communication more smooth and effective by means of language. 2 Features of communication 2.1 The etymology of communication Etymology shows how a word came into being and reveals much about a word’s meaning, so this paper begins with the etymology of communication. Since communication is the noun form of communicate, firstly the etymology of communicate shall be introduced. According to the Oxford English Dictionary Online, the term communicate that we use today comes from the word communicare meaning to make common to many. Another notable point deals with the part of the etymology meaning "to divide." This meaning may have originated because once somebody gives something away that was once theirs, they have divided the power over that object. Perhaps the idea of dividing in the etymology attempts to convey this idea: when you give a message to a group, that person has lost at least a part of the original message. According to the Barnhart Concise Dictionary of Etymology, the term communication originally comes from the Latin term monicos meaning carrying an obligation and the prefix com means together”. The prefix com is very important to the area of communication because the current meaning of communication deals with sharing information with others and working together to create meaning and understanding. Since the agent of communication is a person, it is also necessary to introduce the etymology of communicator. A communicator is a person who communicates or makes common to many by sharing, imparting or dividing. Everybody communicates in one way or another, whether they are trying to or not; this is why this term is so important to the field of communication. 2.2 Definition and classification of communication “Communication is a dynamic process that individuals use to exchange ideas, relate experiences, and share desires through speaking, writing, gestures or sign language” (Glenn 1998: 39). Communication includes language , speech and hearing. Four elements are included in communication: originator, receiver, channel and message. 1
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This note was uploaded on 12/30/2010 for the course ENG 1 taught by Professor Mr.shen during the Spring '10 term at Nanjing University.

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On effective Communication from a Linguistice Perspective -...

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