Qiu lijuan, Class 4, Foreign Language Department, Nanjing University of Finance
As Darwin’s evolution theory has it that human beings were evolved from apes. Like most
primates, humans are social by nature. Therefore, communication is one of the most important
skills anyone should have, in business and in life, as individual and as a species. Human beings
will be happier and more productive if they can improve their ability to communicate. Language,
as one of the many means of communication, contributes greatly to effective communication if
mankind can use it very effectively. Language is basically a kind of information. This modern
world is abundant in information, in either written or oral forms. This paper is dedicated to the
effort to wipe out the obstacles in people’s daily communication. It will provide an insight into the
nature of language and its features, with the purpose to make communication more smooth and
effective by means of language.
2 Features of communication
2.1 The etymology of communication
Etymology shows how a word came into being and reveals much about a word’s meaning, so
this paper begins with the etymology of
is the noun form of
communicate, firstly the etymology of
shall be introduced.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary Online, the term
that we use today
comes from the word
meaning to make common to many. Another notable point
deals with the part of the etymology meaning "to divide." This meaning may have originated
because once somebody gives something away that was once theirs, they have divided the power
over that object. Perhaps the idea of dividing in the etymology attempts to convey this idea: when
you give a message to a group, that person has lost at least a part of the original message.
According to the Barnhart Concise Dictionary of Etymology, the term
originally comes from the Latin term
meaning carrying an obligation and the prefix
together”. The prefix
is very important to the area of communication because the
current meaning of communication deals with sharing information with others and working
together to create meaning and understanding.
Since the agent of communication is a person, it is also necessary to introduce the etymology
A communicator is a person who communicates or makes common to many by
sharing, imparting or dividing. Everybody communicates in one way or another, whether they are
trying to or not; this is why this term is so important to the field of communication.
2.2 Definition and classification of communication
“Communication is a dynamic process that individuals use to exchange ideas, relate
experiences, and share desires through speaking, writing, gestures or sign language” (Glenn 1998:
39). Communication includes
and hearing. Four elements are included in
communication: originator, receiver, channel and message.