History Study Guide - Who were the Whigs? The Whigs were a...

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Who were the Whigs? The Whigs were a political party that emerged during the early 1830's. This party was formed in reaction to Andrew Jackson's exercise of presidential power involving the Bank of the United States. The Whig party was very diverse. It consisted of supporters of the American System, southern states' righters, the larger northern industrialists and merchants, who were united through their opposition to Andrew Jackson and his policies regarding the Bank of the United States, Native Americans, and the Supreme Court. The Whigs supported government reforms. They promoted internal improvements, such as the construction of canals, railroads, and telegraph lines. Prominent members of the Whitheg Party were Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, William Henry Harrison (9th President of the United States of America), and Zachary Taylor (12th President of the United States). The Whig Party split over the issue of slavery and gradually disappeared after 1856. What was the South Carolina Nullification Crisis? In 1828, a high-tariff bill expecting to be defeated, was passed by Andrew Jackson. The Southerners were enraged by this "Tariff of Abominations." South Carolinians took the lead protesting the tariff. In a pamphlet known as the The South Carolina Exposition, John C. Calhoun stated that the tariff was not fair and unconstitutional, and proposed that the states should nullify
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History Study Guide - Who were the Whigs? The Whigs were a...

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