MUSIC100 Chapter 1 - M USIC100 Chapter 1 M USIC AROUND T HE...

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Unformatted text preview: M USIC100 Chapter 1 M USIC AROUND T HE WORLD I ntroduction to the Study of Music- Each nation or ethnic group develops its own music and preserves its own musical traditions- Out study of the rich and ancient store of mostly European music is made possible by the existence of written records that stretch back over a thousand years- Other classical traditions around the world have similarly lengthy traditions, which can be studied through documentary evidence and performances- Musical traditions are oral- Music is not written down, but is transferred from one person to another, and from one generation to the next, simply by word of mouth- One person learns the music by hearing someone else perform it; an older person teaches it to a younger person- I t is very difficult to determine how old a musical tradition may be and how the music of an oral tradition may have changed over the generations- There is very little music in the world that has not undergone change and influence from outside forces- People adapt their music to their own ideas of what they life, not to other peoples views of what they should like- The greatest influence on music around the world is that exerted by Western classical and popular music- The richest tapestries is found in Israel- I t has often been said that music is a universal language, that it transcends boundaries of nation and race- The fact that there is music seems to be universal : every known human group has music- But for each culture, music has a different meaning o I t takes different forms o The definition of music differs Music reflects the society that creates it, and each society creates the music that it wants.- In order to understand a cultures music, we need to understand the culture itself Music as a Reflection of Society- Each culture possesses its own musical language that reflects its own traditions, concerns, and activities; and to begin to understand the music of another culture, we need to understand something of the nature of that cultures systems and the role that music plays in them The United States: A Test Case- In the United States, we note that classical music is treated as an elitist activity- Performances are very formal: members of the audience sit listening very quietly until the end of each piece- Most of the music that is performed in classical-music concerts was composed in past centuries- The society treats the music of the past with great reverence- Concerts often feature the same pieces by a relatively small roster of composers, from one concert to another and from one year to the next- There seems to be a distinction by class and age among these different types, listeners of different age groups and social classes prefer different styles of music; young people popular music- Our anthropological survey would also note that there is another type of music making that often occurs in cafes, bars, and nightclubs, as well as in concert halls jazz- Like popular music, jazz is often performed outside of the concert hall and is...
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This note was uploaded on 01/01/2011 for the course MUSIC 100 taught by Professor J during the Spring '10 term at American College of Computer & Information Sciences.

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MUSIC100 Chapter 1 - M USIC100 Chapter 1 M USIC AROUND T HE...

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