MUSIC100 Chapter 8 - M USIC100 Chapter 8 BEET HOVEN Some...

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Unformatted text preview: M USIC100 Chapter 8 BEET HOVEN- Some composers simply do not fix conveniently into pigeonholes or into our conveniently constructed time periods- Most music historians place the end of the Classical era and the beginning of the Romantic era about 1800- But there is one composer whose life spanned that boundary by about a quarter century in either direction and whose individuality was so strong that he simply cannot be labeled- That composer is Beethoven- Beethoven grew up at a time when both Haydn and Mozart were still alive and actively composing- The music he heard and studied was strictly Classic in style- But he died in 1827, well into the nineteenth century, when Romanticism was in full flower- Like all great artists who live at a time of change, Beethoven was both a beneficiary of that change and partly responsible for it- He took the forms, procedures, and ideals that he had inherited from the Classic era and developed them beyond their previously accepted limits- He brought Classic genres – symphony, concerto, sonata, string quartet – into the nineteenth century and transformed them into the vehicles of musical expression for a new age- He burst through the boundaries of Classic restraint to create works of unprecedented scope and depth- He enlarged the orchestra, changed musical structure, added a chorus to the symphony, and told narratives with some of his purely instrumental works – all of which had wide-ranging repercussions for a century and more- Finally, he invested instrumental music with a personal subjectivity and with the stamp of his own extraordinary personality in such a way that music was never the same again- He was both the child of one era and the founding father of another- That is why Beethoven has a chapter of his own Beethoven’s Life- Beethoven is perhaps the most famous musician of all time- Ever since his death in 1827, he has been revered as the principal figure in the history of Western music- His influence on later composers was enormous, to the extent that many of them actually found his accomplishments intimidating Beethoven’s Early Life- Ludwig van Beethoven was born in 1770 into a family of musicians- Both his grandfather and his father were professional musicians at the court of the Elector (the local ruler) in the German town of Bonn- His grandfather was highly respected, but his father became something of a problem at the court because he was an alcoholic- As a teenager, Beethoven was put in charge of the family finances and started a job at the court- He studied organ and composition and helped look after the instruments- About the same time, he began to write music, mostly songs and chamber works- In 1790, an important visitor passed through Bonn: this was Franz Joseph Haydn, on his way to London for the first of his successful visits- He met the young Beethoven and agreed to take him on as a student when Haydn came back from London to Vienna- In 1792, Beethoven moved to Vienna to study with the great master...
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This note was uploaded on 01/01/2011 for the course MUSIC 100 taught by Professor J during the Spring '10 term at American College of Computer & Information Sciences.

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MUSIC100 Chapter 8 - M USIC100 Chapter 8 BEET HOVEN Some...

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