MUSIC100 Chapter 9 - MUSIC100 Chapter 9 THE NINETEENTH...

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MUSIC100 Chapter 9 THE NINETEENTH CENTURY I: EARLY ROMANTIC MUSIC - Romanticism as a musical style encompasses a wide range of works by composers in all genres - It also covers the period from the early nineteenth century to the beginning of the twentieth - For this reason, we will break our discussion of Romantic music into two distinct parts: Early Romantic Music and Mid-to-Late Romantic Music The Age of Romanticism - The foundations of modern industry were laid during this period, significant political and social changes were taking place, and the arts reflected a new concern with subjectivity and inner feeling - All three of these aspects of the new era – industrialization, changes in the structure of society, and a new artistic spirit – had powerful effects on nineteenth-century music The Industrial Revolution - The industrial Revolution began in England, where a long period of peace and prosperity encouraged expansion and innovation - Increased efficiency in agriculture led to a tripling of the population between 1750 and 1850 - These technological advances spread rapidly throughout Western Europe and the United States - Toward the end of the century, the harnessing of electricity marked a new phase in the Industrial Revolution Political, Intellectual, and Social Changes - Politically, the most important event for the nineteenth century was the French Revolution, which began in 1789 but whose aftershocks continued to be felt throughout Europe until 1848 - Originally a democratic movement, the Revolution unleashed brutal forces, first as the revolutionaries seized power and put their foes to death, and then as the movement itself evolved – in the hands on the dictator Napoleon – into a new form of repressive government
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- In 1814 the French monarchy was re-established, and in 1815 the leaders of the last campaign against napoleon restored the old European balance of power and the hierarchical systems of government - However, the struggle between monarchists and democrats continued in France – and the rest of Europe – through much of the century - Romanticism was inspired by many developments - Writers, thinkers, and artists reacted against the rationalism and orderliness of the eighteenth century and yearned for a return to emotionalism, complexity, and traditional faith - God and nature were seen as more important than reason and science - Nature, with all its unpredictability and random profusion, became a central feature of the Romantic ideal - The French Revolution and the ensuing Romantic movement had further consequences in the nineteenth century - One of these was the growth of nationalism - People throughout Europe began to foster their own national identities and to rebel against outside domination - Nationalism remained a potent force on the political landscape throughout the nineteenth century - The Industrial Revolution created great wealth and an increased standard of living for some, while condemning many others to work in appalling conditions in mines and
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This note was uploaded on 01/01/2011 for the course MUSIC 100 taught by Professor J during the Spring '10 term at American College of Computer & Information Sciences.

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MUSIC100 Chapter 9 - MUSIC100 Chapter 9 THE NINETEENTH...

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