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philo quiz3 - 1 Traditional Western ethics are ethics that...

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1. Traditional Western ethics are ethics that based on principles and rules. It is not based in individual integrity & choice but rather social organization & social control. Traditional ethics undermines rather than promotes individual moral ability & agency. However, Hoagland is saying that principles, in general, make useless ethical, not more ethical. This is because principles are similar to simpler rules for behavior. If you just follow rules, you are not thinking of yourselves, because it is basically set by others for you. Therefore we have to think about ourselves, and not to follow the decision, and rules that are set by others. If that’s the case, that doesn’t makes you an ethical person. So to be ethical, you have to think of your own sake. When there is an ethical dilemma. People tend to use rules and principles as their guidelines in solving or answering the problem. This will make people to have more sense of security because they have something that are set aside for them to follow, so that they know which path that they should take. However, Hoagland’s alternative theory
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