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Unformatted text preview: All About H I V and AIDS The difference between HIV and AIDS is that HIV is what causes AIDs. It’s what a person gets before full blown AIDS comes.HIV belongs to a group of viruses called retrovirus or slow virus. HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus and AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. A person can get HIV by having unprotected anal, oral, or vaginal intercourse. It can also be caused from sharing needles, birth, and breast feeding. They have so many people that have unprotected sex and people who share needles in drug use. So HIV is contracted through mucous membranes and from blood to blood contact. In order for a person to go from HIV to AIDS a person must have one of twenty three indicator diseases. They must also have a t cell count less than 200. Once a person gets the virus is slowly attacks the immune system. This kills off the healthy immune system the HIV infected person once had causing them to deteriorate and that leads to AIDS. There are four stages to HIV. The first stage is called the window. It is called window because this is the time between when the infection and the antibodies enter the person. In fact the HIV test, test for antibodies and not a virus. The second stage is called seroconversion. This is when the body starts make antibodies to fight off the virus. This is the stage where a person may have flu like symptoms. This is also the time when the disease is very infectious. The third stage is called symptom free. This stage is when a person has no symptoms what so ever. A person in this stage of HIV can have no symptoms from 6 months to 10 years. No one really knows why there are no symptoms at that time. The fourth stage is the actual AIDS. This is the stage where the T cells drop below 200 and the OI’s are present. The reason why a person’s innate immunity fails in AIDS patients is because the lymph nodes...
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This note was uploaded on 11/20/2010 for the course HCP 220 taught by Professor Pace during the Spring '10 term at University of Phoenix.
- Spring '10