Chapter 10 - Sections 1 and 2

Chapter 10 - Sections 1 and 2 - The Union in Crisis...

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The Union in Crisis 1846-1861 Chapter 10, Sections 1 and 2 pp. 324-337
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Reading Skill: Categorize NOTE TAKING
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Slavery Divides the Nation North – diverse culture and economy South – agrarian, focused on one crop (cotton) With cotton came slavery Controversy over Wilmot Proviso in late 1840s
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Slavery, cont. Northern view of Slavery: 50,000 slaves in North by 1800 Viewed blacks as inferior Laws limited rights and travel of African Americans, so few in the region Little contact with African Americans Vocal minority = abolitionists Many still wanted slavery – those who made money from cotton and tobacco, bankers, unskilled factory workers
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Slavery, cont. Southern view of slavery: Key part of southern life Believed God wanted blacks enslaved Believed northern free labor system was more harmful than slavery Claimed slaves were healthier, happier
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The Slavery Issue TRANSPARENCY
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The Election of 1848 Democrats and Whigs split over whether or not to allow slavery to spread Free-Soil Party formed – supporters of Wilmot Proviso – nominated Martin Van Buren – goal was to keep slavery out of western territories Whigs and Democrats avoided slavery issue at first – Free-Soilers made them focus on it, though, to keep support
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Chapter 10 - Sections 1 and 2 - The Union in Crisis...

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