Lecture 11 - India

Lecture 11 - India - India: the Liberal Democratic Path to...

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India: the Liberal Democratic Path to National Liberation I) Western Imperialism in India-why is this path to national liberalism so different from China? India embodies one general level of imperialism: model of political domination and control. Begins with economic imperialism and ends up taking control of the whole region. Unique experience with western imperialism: amount of time in which British controlled India: 200 years. Don't have much British immigration into India: much more direct contact between both. Similar to China: strong and unified state-keep trade under control. Up until 17 th century that was similar to China. A) A Unique Colonial Experience B) Early Trading Relations C) Turning point in the 1750s: Collapsing Mughal Empire-unable to maintain centralized state that had been est. in the 16 th century. Begin to deviate from the Chinese model. Transitory moment for the Indian path: the norm is political disunity. .back to a quilt of political entities. Real power was held by these regional principalities-often war with each other: provides first opening for western imperialism to take control in India. British East India Co. begins to acquire more power than others. D) Vacuum of Power and the British East India Company-begins to intervene in those conflicts between regional principalities and in your war against the neighbor, all you have to do is agree to sign the paper-thru intervening thru these struggles the British East India Co. expands its influence as paramount power in South Asia. Policy of divide and conquer became possible. E) From Economic to Political Control: 1750s-1850s-local maharajah agreed to be subservient to the local british power: british gov. later formalized the transition from economic imperialism to formal imperialism. ..created India as a formal colony, and imperial colony of Britain. F) Imperial Ideology: The “White Man's Burden”-not just here to economically exploit you-here to bring the great English values-enlightenment proj. Established English schools, public administration (including English law and judicial system which began to outlaw practices that were considered barbaric-like sati). By end of 18 th century they had lost confidence in turning Indians into British. II) Legacies of Imperialism in India-economically similar to the Chinese case: India is
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Lecture 11 - India - India: the Liberal Democratic Path to...

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