Lecture 12 - Mexican Revolution

Lecture 12 - Mexican Revolution - Mexican Revolution...

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Mexican Revolution I)Introduction: THe Mexican model: Latin America first major region to gain its formal independence: set pattern for dual imperialist phenomenon. Middle path between liberalism and communism. II)The imperialist Experience: “Dual” imperialism: like Chinese case, but different because it is not neo-colonialism. First attempt to deal with these two phases of imperialism. A) Phase I: the Legacy of Spanish Colonial Rule-most sig: way that not only did Spanish politically occupy latin America for 300 years: it transformed social and economic structure. Based on massive immigration of Spaniards to Latin America. Essentially established themselves as the new elite class: Creoles. Bottom of hierarchy: indigenous pop. Used plantation system: elite destroyed eijidos (communal farms) 1) From ejidos to hacienda-haciendas: huge farms owned by Spanish elites. Two- tiered social structure defined by race, ethnicity. Indigenous as bottom tier. Depended on size and population. Mexico and Peru: big indigenous population: too large to exterminate, so they become bottom tier of structure. Permanent part of new Latin America. Not just domination by foreigners. 2) Legacy: a Two-Tiered Society: see prev. also makes these latin American countries vulnerable to the 2 nd stage of imperialism. For countries to resist imperialism: must have a strong state that is able to resist intervention of trade. This 2-tiered system helps create a whoel region full of weak nation states that are vulnerable to economic control. Hard to find the glue to hold the nation together: huge gap between the 2-tiered system: different languages, cultural traditions. Independence from Spain had been transfer from economic and political control to these Creole elites. Between 2-4% are voting citizens. 1-2% owned 80% of property: Defined along ethnic and racial divides. Difficult to build any sense of national identity. Translates into 19 th century of instability. a) 19
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This note was uploaded on 01/03/2011 for the course MMW 6 taught by Professor Chang during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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Lecture 12 - Mexican Revolution - Mexican Revolution...

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