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Lecture 13 - Japan

Lecture 13 - Japan - Japan Imperialist Anti-Imperialism I...

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Japan: Imperialist Anti-Imperialism I) The Japanese Model: Industrialization and Imperialism outside the West: Crisis questioning the west claim to imperialism. Japan use western models to define their path to liberation. Borrowing from west and rejecting at the same time. Complicated relationship between dependence and independence. Japan is the only non-western country that not only is able to resist western imperialism, but is able to turn that modernization into their own imperialist project. Challenges western imperialist order. “Imperialist anti-imperialist model”. Modern nation state +imperialist project. What are factors that made Japan so unique? How did they resist western imperialism? What were consequences of Japan’s ability to push itself into the white man’s world of imperialist power. II) Western Imperialism in Japan: Why not Colonized? Difference lays in the initial contact with wester imperialism-doesn’t lead to western domination of Japan in economic or political terms.Japanses gov. was able to use that western presence as a wake-up call. Choose path China is going down or another path. Had strong state that’s able to resist the incursions of western traders until the mid 19 th century. A) Isolationism until 1850s-strong state helped to impose that isolationism up until the middle of the 19 th century. Motivates western traders to really push the limits. Japanese state is able to keep this isolation by 19 th century. First foot-hole: 1853 when U.S. war ship with Perry: demanded that Japanese state sign a treaty that says we are going to open ports. B) The US tries to “open” Japan, 1853-4 1) Commodore Perry and the Treaty of Kanagawa-Perry forces them to sign the treaty: equivalent to the unequal treaties in China. Pushing new set of terms defined by foreigners. From this point on the paths diverge. C) Why not the “China Scenario”? Japan scenario leads in another direction. It is just an accident of timing: U.S. become involved in their own civil war: gives Japanese some breathing space to how they will respond to this situation. Had benefit of having watched Opium wars going on in China: much more aware of following the treaty and how this could lead to increased weakening of their own state. Strong enough to get Japanese state’s attention, but impact only goes so far. 1) External Factors-see prev. a) US Civil War b) Opium War 2) Internal Factors: Pre-Conditions of Industrialization-
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a) Economic-Japan is very different than either China, India, or Mexico. Japan had already complete the pre-conditions for Indus. Highly urbanized commercialized society: agri. Produce sent from one end to another. Also generate surplus profits that can be invested in industry. Also: small size and shape: similar to Britain: easy to get things from one end to another.
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Lecture 13 - Japan - Japan Imperialist Anti-Imperialism I...

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