Culture

Culture - Culture & Development: Westernization of LDCs...

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Modernization Theory—Westernization [individualism, secularism, rationality] + the declining significance of additional culture Normative: is the West the best? Should LDCs westernize? In what ways? LDC variants: LDCs are based on the colonial era (17 th century) exposure to West isn’t new a. Hybridity—new mixtures combining old & new [e.g. Farmer—combining science with voodoo] b. Resistance to westernization [languages, dress, religion] i. ii. New hybrid and transmuted culture [neither the old nor the new] 1. Indigenous movements (including in education) 2. Fundamentalist Muslim movements c. d. Culture of Poverty thesis: the poor remain in poverty because of their adaptations to the burdens of poverty; autonomous subculture as children were socialized into behaviors and attitudes that perpetuated their inability to escape the underclass [Oscar Lewis] Education : Solution for Development?
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This note was uploaded on 12/09/2010 for the course SS IR242 taught by Professor Eckstein during the Fall '10 term at BU.

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Culture - Culture & Development: Westernization of LDCs...

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