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Theories - Theories 1 2 3 4 5 Modernization Theory...

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Theories 1. Modernization Theory 2. Dependency Theory 3. Dependent Development 4. World Systems Theory 5. Globalization: New International Division of Labor and Neoliberalism Modernization Theory [Rostow, Lerner, Inkeles] to explain how society progresses, what variables affect that progress, and how societies can react to that progress. Modernization theory focuses specifically on a type of modernization thought to have originated in Europe during the 17th century, which brought social mores and technological achievements into a new epoch. subject to criticism originating among communist and free-market ideologies, world systems theorists, globalization theory and dependency theory among others. 1. LDCs are following the western DC model, just “farther behind”: adopting Western culture, secularing, urbanization 2. Evolutionary, unilinear global develop. Path 3. Modernization in different spheres: economic, cultural, political, social 4. Prescriptive: LDCs should emulate & follow the West & desirable 5. Ethnocentric, ahistoric, ignores resistance & hibridity Dependency Theory: [Andre Gunther Frank] predicated on the notion that resources flow from a "periphery" of poor and underdeveloped states to a "core" of wealthy states, enriching the latter at the expense of the former. It is a central contention of
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