BabyloniansandpresocraticsSept.12

BabyloniansandpresocraticsSept.12 - fractions •...

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Sept. 12 Babylonians and Presocratics (reading notes) Dictionary definition of science: systematic knowledge of the material world Some say science involves the experimental method Some say science is defined by its content 7000-8000 BC hunting and food gathering required knowledge of animal behavior and plants 3500 BC invented the wheel know-how versus knowledge oral tradition our view of causality would not satisfy primitive man because it is impersonal Babylonians used individuals to explain the origin of the world Primitive medicine rudimentary version of modern medicine Medicine indistinguishable from religion and magic 3000 BC word signs appeared 1500 BC fully syllabic systems 800 BC fully alphabetic writing 3000 BC Egyptians developed a primitive number system 2000 BC Mesopotamians had a more developed number system with
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Unformatted text preview: fractions • Babylonians started astronomy • Egyptians and Babylonians had medicines and surgeries • The Iliad while fictitious provides some sense of Greek history • Did the Greeks take their mythology seriously? • Greek Philosophers: o Hesiod- regarded earth and sky as divine offspring o Leuccupius and Democritus- the world is a result of a sorting of lifeless atoms o Anaximander- nature is ruled by laws, movement of celestial bodies o Heraclitus- metaphysics (nature and structure of reality at its deepest level) o Parmenides and Zeno- change is a logical impossibility, stadium paradox o Miletus- earth emerged out of water, floating like a log o Pythagoreans- ultimate reality is numerical not material...
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