PlatoaristotleSept15

PlatoaristotleSept15 - Sept 15 Plato and Aristotle Forms...

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Sept. 15 Plato and Aristotle: Forms and Causes Thales- water Anaximander- apeiron Anaximenes- air All concerned with the order of the cosmos- must have underlying rules Pythagoras focused on structure, universe is organized by number, by ratios (geometry, music, astronomy united) Aristotle put together summaries of pre-Socratics Monochord- when divided in proportion you find harmonious tones Pythagoreans- there is a celestial monochord dictating the order of the universe Heraclitus- all is flux, all is change Parmenides (Eleatic school)- Being is one, universe is unchanging, nothing comes from nothing- therefore motion and change are an illusion- how could something produce its opposite, no change Zeno’s paradox- Achilles versus the tortoise- he continually has to cross half the space to catch up, there are an infinity of spaces, therefore can never finish (motion impossible) Empedocles- the 4 elements (earth, water, air, fire) Democritus- atoms in the void, atoms are the things that are uncuttable,
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