Nov29 - Nov. 29 The New Physics: Certainty Displaced 1....

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Nov. 29 The New Physics: Certainty Displaced 1. Statistics: Taming Chance Looking for regularities across large populations Sir William Petty o Measured the land in Ireland (revenue) o Where it would be best to seize that land and give it to his friends in government Leibnitz o Error reduction to maximize power of the states o Field of practical work call, cameralism Marquis de Condorcet o Probability theory o Inevitable progress of humanity William Playfair o Techniques of statistical visualization Charles Babbage o Inventing the “difference engine” o Interested in numbers of all kinds Ecole Polytechnique o Temperature related to deaths of napoleons troops Laplace o Contributed to ecole polytechnique o Completed newton’s clockwork universe o Everything fits together in a harmonious clockwork o In principle its possible that a single law determines the entire universe o People can never know this law Gauss o Gaussian distribution o His own observations of the planets
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This note was uploaded on 01/05/2011 for the course HSOC hsoc001 taught by Professor Tresh during the Spring '10 term at UPenn.

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Nov29 - Nov. 29 The New Physics: Certainty Displaced 1....

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