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Psych_final_study_guide - INDV 101 Structure of Mind...

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INDV 101: COMPLETE Study guide for Exam 1 Chapter 14 – Personality I. Groups of personality theories – different approaches try to do different things: Groups of personality theories (6 groups) : Psychoanalytic (Freud) - unconscious and sexual thoughts Neo-Freudian - ego/ social relationship Learning - behavioral, cognitive goals, history of learning based on reward or punishment Humanistic - (Carl Rogers ideas) free will, touchy feely unique conscious, consciously experience things Trait - categories of characteristics (dominant/ submissive) Biological - how the brain works, physiology, genetics (are you like your parents?) Different approaches try to do different things… Some explain poorly while others explain well A. Psychoanalytic perspective – originated with Freud o He bases his hypotheses off of observations until around the 1950s o In these times people believed they were civilized and had control over their behavior, people who were different were rejected. o He thought that we are controlled my animalistic urges that are uncontrolled. (He was called a pervert, wicked, and was a Jew. His ideas were not accepted.) He didn’t have a lot of scientific evidence to back up his claims. 1. Key assumptions a. The most important causes of behavior are motives, especially unconscious motives b. c. Personality is set by adolescence
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o Motives (especially unconscious motives) → behavior. o Interplay of inner conflicts and resolution → personality o Personality was set by adolescence (at about 5 or 6 years old a person’s personality is complete). 2. Three levels of awareness a. Conscious b. Preconscious c. Unconscious (has a one way mental gate) Information can move between conscious and preconscious Unconscious- unaware of these thoughts (where your deepest anxiety, painful memory, traumas, and urges resign). Stuff from your conscious and preconscious can go into unconscious, but nothing from your unconscious part of mind can come out into preconscious or continuous. A horrible experience can be pushed to unconscious and never go away but it can affect what we are doing. You try to resolve it through unconscious but don’t know it. (How do you get help with that? Freud tries to get at the unconscious). Freud thinks there are no accidents: Ex. Slip of Tongue, trips, dreams, forgetting your keys, mess up writing etc. → those all represent traumas pushing through to the surface and trying to come out and escape. 3. Three systems of personality o ID- Pleasure Principle: only part we are born with. It operates in unconscious, has desires, impulses, and urges (ex. Hunger, sexual desires, and arousal). Nothing constrains it; it has no awareness of the outside world. (The ego stops
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Psych_final_study_guide - INDV 101 Structure of Mind...

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