Anth 200g MT1 F10 Key-1

Anth 200g MT1 F10 Key-1 - A nth 200g Midterm 1 Key Fall...

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Anth 200g Midterm 1 Key Fall 2010 1. sympatric 2. mutation 3. biogeography, embryology Also accept for full credit (1 pt each): Fossil record, anatomy, morphology, paleontology Also accept for partial credit (0.5 pt): geology, Malthus’ resource limiting population theory No credit (0 pt): geography 4. genotype Also accept (for full credit): DNA 5. Accept for full credit (1 pt each): rotating shoulder, no tail, Y-5 molar pattern, large body size, dorsally-placed scapula, barrel-shaped ribcage, large brain-body size ratio relative to other primates , long arms, longer arms than legs Accept for partial credit (0.5 pt) : “brachiation in shoulder” (refers to rotating shoulder), large brains, large brain-body size ratio (without reference to other primates specifically) No credit (0 pt): Knuckle walkers (Not all apes are knuckle walkers so this isn’t a distinctive trait of the group, and this is not an anatomical trait), brachiation (also a form of locomotion, not an anatomical trait) 6. Cebidae, Callitrichidae (Partial credit for subfamily names “-nae” instead) 7. Gombe, Tanzania 8. Bottleneck Effect Also accept for full credit (2 pts) : bottleneck, genetic bottleneck Accept for partial credit (1 pt): genetic drift (not specific enough but still correct) 9. Accept for full credit (1 pt each): 3 independent observers, 15 consecutive days, spontaneous (independent, unprompted signing), appropriate (correct context), well-formed Accept for partial credit (0.5 pt): “a certain number of consecutive days”, “multiple observers” No credit (0 pt): repetition, repeatability, consistency 10. mitosis, meiosis 11. inclusive 12. inheritance of acquired characteristics Accept for partial credit (1 pt): Lamarckism (technically correct but not descriptive at all); theory of inheritance (evolution happens over a generation); inheritance of all characteristics; acquiring of traits; theory of acquired trait adaptation; acquired inheritance No credit (0 pt): theory of inheritance
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Anth 200g Midterm 1 Key Fall 2010 13. migration 14. sexual dimorphism For partial credit (1 pt): dimorphism 15. syntax 16. c 17. a 18. b 19. c 20. d 21. b 22. b 23. c 24. b 25. a 26. c 27. b 28. b 29. c 30. c 31. F 32. T 33. T 34. F 35. T 36. T 37. T 38. T 39. T 40. T Question #1: Define the main species concept that we discussed in lecture. Explain why defining a species is not always straightforward; is a species a naturally occurring phenomenon? (4 points for definition of biological species concept, as presented in lecture) Ernst Meyr’s biological species concept: “groups of actually or potentially interbreeding natural populations which are reproductively isolated from other such groups.”
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Anth 200g Midterm 1 Key Fall 2010 (Up to 3 points for explanation of why defining a species may not be straightforward; need to include at least some of the following concepts) There are many circumstances where the biological species concept is insufficient or inapplicable and other concepts might be more relevant. For example (as discussed in
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This note was uploaded on 01/05/2011 for the course ANTH 200 taught by Professor Stanford during the Fall '08 term at USC.

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Anth 200g MT1 F10 Key-1 - A nth 200g Midterm 1 Key Fall...

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